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DNA Profile Program

DNA Profile Program

The AKC DNA Profile Program brings cutting-edge parentage testing technology to AKC customers. A cheek swab brush is used to collect the DNA sample from the dog, and returned to the AKC. The sample is processed by AKC’s DNA service provider, Neogen, and the resulting genotype is entered into the AKC DNA Database. The information is used to verify parentage of AKC dogs and for genetic identity purposes. AKC DNA does not determine the breed of a dog or if a dog is a purebred.This technology allows breeders, dog owners, and the AKC to ensure that the AKC Registry is the most accurate in the world.

DNA Profiling is required for stud dogs whose semen is collected for fresh-extended or frozen use. AKC DNA Profiling is also required for Frequently Used Sires, effective for litters whelped on or after July 1, 2000, and for imported breeding stock registered on or after March 1, 2006. If unknown parentage is indicated via DNA testing, the status of the registration will be downgraded to “conditional” until a three generation pedigree is established.

The dog owner will receive an AKC letter of DNA Analysis including the DNA profile for each dog sampled. Additionally, for dogs individually registered at the time the DNA sample is received by the AKC, the DNA Profile Number will be added to that dog’s registration record, and will appear on all Registration Certificates and Pedigrees issued in the future.

Dogs who have already processed their DNA through Neogen can transfer their DNA records through the “DNA record transfer program” so the dog can become AKC DNA Profiled.

DNA Profiling may be used to determine the correct sire of a litter before registering that litter, such as in cases where the dam was exposed to more than one male during her season. Additionally, the AKC can register litters with more than one sire. Follow this link for more information about this policy Multiple Sired Litters.

Order DNA test kits

For further information about this or other DNA programs, contact AKC DNA Operations.