Compliance Audit Program

DNA genotyping is one of the tools that AKC Inspectors use during routine kennel inspections. AKC inspectors review litter and dog records, check dog identification, examine the conditions of the kennel, and collect DNA samples from litters and their sires and/or dams.

These DNA samples are collected and processed at AKC's expense. DNA Profiles are not issued for dogs sampled during kennel inspections. When errors are found (puppies are 'excluded' to the mating of the sire and dam), the litter registrations are corrected if possible or converted to Conditional Registration.

There is a graduated schedule of fines and penalties when exclusions are found, as follows (effective 11/1/2001):

  1. One excluded litter – the litter owner(s) would receive a letter of reprimand. Litter owner may request additional DNA testing to determine correct parentage, paying the $250 fee for the AKC Inspector's return.
  2. Two excluded litters within a 5-year period – the litter owner(s) would be referred to the Management Discipline Committee for appropriate action (penalty 6 months and a $500.00 fine). Litter owner may request additional DNA testing to determine correct parentage, paying the $250 fee for the AKC Inspector's return.
  3. Three excluded litters within a 5-year period – the litter owner(s) would be referred to the Management Discipline Committee for appropriate action (penalty 1-year suspension and a $1,000.00 fine). Litter owner may request additional DNA testing to determine correct parentage, paying the $250 fee for the AKC Inspector's return.
  4. Four excluded litters within a 5-year period – the litter owner(s) would be referred to the Management Discipline Committee for appropriate action (penalty 5-year suspension and a $2,000.00 fine).

In cases where an exclusion resulted from intent and/or knowledge of the breeder/owner, staff may seek suspension after confirming the first exclusion.