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Legislative Successes

Legislative Successes

The following list highlights some of the AKC Government Relations’ (AKC GR) legislative successes through January 12, 2022.  These and other victories have been won in cooperation with AKC federations, clubs, and responsible dog owners and breeders around the country who continue to work tirelessly to promote positive canine legislation in their state and community.

To view all Legislative Alerts posted for your state in 2022, as well as the latest information on all bills being tracked by the AKC Government Relations Department, visit the AKC Legislative Action Center at


HB 235, a bill supported by AKC, authorizes food service establishments to allow pet dogs in outdoor restaurant seating areas and sets out access, sanitation, and other requirements. It also specifies that emotional support animals are not service animals within the meaning of the Americans with Disabilities Act and are prohibited from being inside a restaurant. The bill was enacted and took effect on August 1, 2021.

HB 551, which sought to establish unreasonable limits for tethering a dog, was pulled from committee and failed when the legislature adjourned. 


HB 1883, which was supported by AKC GR, guarantees the right to utilize a working animal. It also provides that an ordinance or resolution shall not be enacted by a municipality that terminates, bans, or creates an undue hardship relating to the job or use of a working animal or animal enterprise in commerce, service, legal hunting, agriculture, husbandry, transportation, ranching, entertainment, education, or exhibition. HB 1883 was enacted as Act 1091.

HB 1152, a bill supported by AKC, among other provisions allows the emergency transport of an injured police dog if there is no person requiring immediate medical attention or transport at the time. It was enacted as Act 790.


HR 61 was a resolution that declares the California Assembly’s intention to only support “sensible and humane therapeutic veterinary procedures for companion animals.”  As defined, this could mean the Assembly opposes such procedures as ear cropping, tail docking, and dewclaw removal, among other veterinary surgical procedures. While not the same as law, AKC expressed significant concerns with the implications of this resolution and sent an alert to California and parent clubs urging them to contact the author’s office and their State Assemblymember in opposition. AKC also submitted comments to the author’s office. The resolution was introduced on July 14 and no further action was taken prior to the end of session.

On September 1, the California Assembly adopted HR 63, which recognizes September as Service Dog Appreciation Month to honor service and working dogs, and declares “that Californians are grateful for the service and dedication these loyal companions provide for their owners and communities.” AKC GR supported this resolution, which celebrates and recognizes the important work of service and working dogs.

Assembly Bill 702 would have regulated every breeder in the state.  AKC met extensively with the author and key committee members and staff, activated local clubs and hobbyists, coordinated meetings for clubs with their Assembly members, submitted alternative language, and partnered with key stakeholders in opposition, including California animal shelters. The bill was held in committee, with reports stating that no member was going to vote for it.  It has been tabled until 2022 and the author and committee have committed to work with AKC on alternative solutions in the interim. AKC GR has issued a follow up alert to clubs with actions they can take to thank the committee and help AKC lay groundwork for 2022 advocacy and education.


HB 21-1102 as introduced sought to regulate pet stores in the state and not allow any new pet stores to open. As introduced, the bill contained legislative findings claiming that rescues were a better answer for public safety, as pet stores import dogs from out of state.  AKC and its state federation succeeded in educating House members about the many inaccuracies with this statement and the problems that have surfaced regarding importation by rescues. As amended, the bill addressed some concerns and removed these legislative findings.  The bill would also allow pet stores to continue to exist, so long as certain information is disclosed online and on all cages in the store.  The bill as amended was signed by the governor.

The Colorado Springs city council voted down a proposal that would have banned the sale of dogs at pet stores in the city unless they were sourced from a shelter or rescue. AKC GR submitted a letter and other resources opposing the ban and providing more effective alternatives, and issued an alert urging local dog owners to oppose the proposal.  The council voted 5-4 against the proposal and as a result pet stores may continue selling dogs sourced from breeders, so long as they are in compliance with the new state law HB 21-1102.


In February, the Connecticut Department of Agriculture adopted new regulations implementing changes in law made back in 2011 and 2017 requiring oversight of the state’s animal shelters and animal importers.  These new rules provide standards for buildings and premises; ventilation and temperature; and animal care requirements, including staffing requirements, enclosure size and design standards, rules for feeding and access to clean water, cleaning requirements, and access standards.  The rules also provide updates for commercial kennels (limited to boarding kennels, grooming facilities, and veterinary kennels that provide boarding and grooming for nonmedical purposes), pet shops, and training facilities.

Among its many provisions, HB 6504 Regarding Animal Welfare, closes a loophole in the definitions for “animal importer” and “animal shelter”, effectively requiring a veterinary examination of animals brought into the state by animal shelters.  The bill also updates fine amounts for violations.  In addition, it allows towns to sign mutual aid agreements for temporary animal control officers when personnel are out on leave; and requires regional pounds to comply with municipal pound construction, maintenance, and sanitation standards.  The American Kennel Club and Connecticut Federation of Dog Clubs and Responsible Dog Owners (CFDRDO) supported this bill, which was filed by the Connecticut Department of Agriculture.  The bill is now Public Act 21-90.

If passed, HB 6542 would have allowed each city and town to create and enforce its own obligations and restrictions on state-licensed pet shops, including mandates that shops source pets only from animal shelters and rescues.  AKC opposed the measure and issued an alert. The bill failed in committee.

SB 923 would have charged the Connecticut Sentencing Commission with reviewing state animal cruelty laws and their penalties, studying trends in this area of law, and making recommendations for legislation.  However, to establish a balanced perspective, both the Connecticut Department of Agriculture and AKC expressed the need for animal welfare experience and input during this process.  The bill did not get a vote in the House of Representatives before the session adjourned.

SB 458 would have established a state license for companion animal breeders.  After AKC met with the bill sponsor and provided her with research on the existing oversight authority for anyone selling more than two litters a year, the senator decided not to push for adoption of the bill this session.

The city of Stamford’s Legislative and Rules Committee made significant improvements to a proposed tethering ordinance after receiving input from American Kennel Club Government Relations (AKC GR) and other stakeholders.  On August 2, 2021, the full board of representatives adopted a final measure that is intended to simply prevent dog owners from leaving dogs outside and unattended on a tether for long periods of time.  Details can be reviewed here.


SB 72, which provides certain protections to business entities from civil liability claims related to COVID-19, was enacted as Chapter 2021-1.

AKC GR requested amendments to SB 96, a child welfare bill that, among other provisions, requires certain cross-reporting of suspected child abuse, abandonment or neglect, and animal cruelty. The bill contained a problematic provision that would have changed the definition of “animal husbandry” to exclude care of non-livestock animals. SB 96 was substantially amended and has passed in both chambers without the problematic definition.

SB 388, a bill supported by AKC, authorizes emergency transport of and allows a paramedic or EMT to provide emergency medical care to a police canine injured in the line of duty under certain circumstances and when no person requires transport or care at that time. AKC supported the measure, which was enacted as Public Chapter 2021-119 and took effect July 1, 2021.

HB 177/SB 650 sought to restrict tethering of dogs without providing sufficient exemptions for humane use of tethers. A committee substitute that contained problematic provisions passed in the Senate Committee on Agriculture, but did not further advance. 


HB 112 seeks to extend the applicability for one year of a 2020 Act, supported by AKC GR, that provides certain immunities from liability claims regarding COVID-19. HB 112 is now Act 175.


In May 2020, a proposal was introduced by the Chicago City Council that supposedly sought to close a loophole in their pet store ban to stop irresponsible sellers from misrepresenting themselves as rescues to avoid regulation while accessing new markets. It also would have required hobby breeders to obtain a pet facility license (requiring on site staff and locations only in non-residential areas).  AKC and our state federation met with key council members, submitted written testimony, activated local breeders, submitted an op-ed to local media, and testified in council hearings.  As a result, all language regulating hobby breeders was removed from the final proposal passed by the council in May 2021.

S 153, opposed by AKC and IFDCO, is similar to bills introduced in other states in an effort to alter the legal status of animals and provide them with rights, including individual representation, traditionally reserved for children and other people lacking legal capacity. AKC issued written testimony and alerts and worked with the federation, who testified in person in the committee hearings. It passed the Senate has been held on the House floor and was not been scheduled for a vote.


Senate Bill 1, among other provisions, would protect any “person” (including but not limited to individuals, associations, etc.) from civil liability for damages or injury “resulting from exposure of an individual to coronavirus.”  This includes premises owned or managed by a person, and activities managed, organized, or sponsored by a person.  AKC supported this bill, which could provide protections for shows and events in the state.  The bill was signed by the governor.


The City of Overland Park voted in September to overturn its 35-year breed ban after significant support from local dog owners and advocates.  AKC GR issued an alert encouraging local clubs to contact the city in support of the repeal.


HB 223 sought to establish problematic requirements for and definitions of a proper shelter for a dog. AKC recommended friendly amendments to the bill. The bill advanced in committee, then failed sine die. 

HB 605, among other provisions, sought to levy sales and use tax on veterinary services and animal boarding services. The bill did not advance during the regular session.

SB 144 creates the crime of unlawful possession, transfer, or manufacture of animal fighting paraphernalia. AKC worked to ensure that this positive bill would criminalize use of certain equipment for animal fighting, while not prohibiting the lawful use of certain training equipment, such as treadmills. It was enacted as Act 100 and took effect June 4, 2021.


HB 81 and its companion SB 122 sought to address “Unattended Dogs in Extreme Weather” and included prohibitions based solely on absolute temperatures.  Exemptions for hunting, livestock herding, sledding, sporting, or training as previously requested by AKC GR were also included.  AKC GR attempted to work with the bill sponsors to include acclimation as an exemption for persons who humanely acclimate their dogs to weather in order to perform certain tasks.  Also, to ensure protection for all dogs, AKC GR sought to have the phrase: “or in accordance with the age, breed, general health, or condition of the dog and its ability to withstand the environment” included in the bill. See alert.  HB 81 passed the House as introduced and was assigned to the Senate Judicial Proceedings Committee where SB 122 was heard but not voted on by the Committee.  Neither bill received any additional action in the Senate Committee prior to the last session day.

HB 293 and SB 200 are reintroductions of legislation from last session. As introduced last session, they sought to prohibit a person from sponsoring, conducting, or participating in certain organized contests that have the objective of hunting or killing certain wildlife for prizes or monetary awards. This would have negatively impacted field trials and other AKC sanctioned events. AKC GR and the Sportsmen Alliance worked to amend the bill to exclude lawful dog training or dog competition events. HB 293 and SB 200 were introduced this year with the amended language included. HB 293 was passed by both Chambers with AKC’s amendment included as well as a compromise regarding fines and became law on June 1.

HB 1080 / SB 760 sought to authorize the filing of a petition against an owner or custodian for reasonable costs of caring for a seized animal, including the provision of food, water, shelter, and medical care. The bills limited costs to $15 a day per animal plus reasonable costs for necessary veterinary care, but also provided for forfeiture of the animal for failure to make the required payment. AKC GR met with the sponsors to express concerns that the bills allow for the forfeiture of animals with no mechanism to have them returned to an individual who is found not guilty or has charges dropped. GR also provided written and oral testimony in opposition of the bills during public hearings. Neither bill received further consideration from their respective committees prior to the end of the session.

SB 103 is a reintroduction of legislation from last session which originally sought to regulate the Internet sales of animals by pet stores. The original language concerned many who use Facebook or other social media “brag” pages to showcase their dogs and puppies for sale.  AKC GR worked with the sponsor to have the bill amended and all references to Internet sales were removed. It further clarified that a pet store does not include situations where animals are sold at establishments where they were bred, and the buyer and seller are both present during the sale or transfer. SB 103 was introduced this session with the same amended language. It was further amended to develop a task force including AKC representation to study the sourcing of pets used by pet stores and broker entities.  The bill became law on June 1.


LD 1265 would remove the permission for hunting dogs to be at large; and prohibit hunting coyote at night or with dogs or bait.  AKC GR issued an alert and testified before the Joint Committee on Inland Fisheries and Wildlife in opposition together with sportsmen and women.  The committee voted unanimously the bill ought not to pass.

On October 21, 2021 the Yarmouth town council approved final changes to their dog ordinance, incorporating AKC GR recommendations that they create exceptions for working dogs to the ban against dogs at large; and ensuring that stray animals would be inspected for owner identification, such as microchips, prior to the forfeiture of animals to a shelter.  Chapter 309 now would limit an owner or keeper to a maximum of five (5) dogs under control by one individual when off their property.


The Town of Marshfield scheduled several dog-related proposals for a vote at special town meeting in October 2020. They included encouraging adoption of a breeder and kennel license program. After AKC GR issued an alert and local advocates and breeders began to contact town officials, a decision was made to remove the breeder license proposal from the agenda to work on it further before re-introducing it in spring 2021. At the town’s spring meeting, there was no breeder license proposal included on the warrant.


LB 139 and LB 52 as introduced would exempt persons from liability for COVID exposure unless there is evidence of gross negligence. The bills were merged and amended to state that no person may seek recovery for exposure or potential exposure relating to COVID if the act or omission in question was in substantial compliance with federal health mandates.  The bill was signed by the governor on May 25 and went into immediate effect.


The governor has signed Senate Bill 103, which prohibits homeowners and renters insurance providers from canceling coverage or raising premiums based solely on the breed of dog owned by the policyholder.  The insurance company may still take action if the dog is known or has been declared to be dangerous or vicious as defined in state law.  The new law goes into effect on January 1, 2022.

New Hampshire

The House Municipal and County Government considered HB 467, which would amend the “Use Taxation” law so that “open space land” would not apply to “any farm land or forest land used to harbor non-native, non-domesticated animal species”. AKC GR and the Congressional Sportsmen’s Foundation testified that some facilities where dog owners train with non-native birds (i.e., pheasants) would be negatively impacted. The committee voted the bill inexpedient to legislate.

House Bills 322 and 367 sought to further regulate vaccinations. AKC GR issued an alert that HB 322 would require a color photo of a dog, cat, or ferret to be attached to its rabies vaccination certificate and HB 367 would require rabies antibody tests after vaccination and allow rabies titers in lieu of rabies vaccination for dogs with a reaction to initial vaccination. After hearing concerns about cost and adequate protection, including testimony from AKC GR and NH DOGS, the House Environment and Agriculture Committee voted unanimously to reject both bills.

AKC GR worked closely with NH Beagle clubs to express concerns about HB 118, which would change the qualifications for commissioners appointed to the NH Fish and Game Commission. Instead of sporting clubs providing nominees for appointment, the bill would authorize “participating organizations,” defined as organizations with wildlife or conservation experience, to nominate individuals. The House Fish and Game Committee has retained it and no further action will take place this year.

With the support of AKC GR and NH DOGS, among other stakeholders, H. 338 was signed into law July 29, 2021, making the tampering or removal of a dog’s collar or microchip a misdemeanor crime.  It also increases the penalty for stealing a dog, from a misdemeanor to a class B felony, for anyone guilty of multiple offenses.  These changes, effective January 1, 2022, are expected to act as a deterrent to the theft of dogs in order to sell them for profit and to the obstruction of legitimate working and hunting dogs.

Two bills containing amended language regarding the creation of a statewide animal records database advanced this session. After AKC GR and NH DOGS expressed concerns about HB 532, a positively amended version of the bill was incorporated into House Budget Bill HB 2. The Senate Finance Committee adopted the amended language in their appropriations bill. The House and Senate conference committee budget bill included the positive text supported by AKC GR and NH DOGS. HB 2, as amended, was signed into law by the Governor on June 25, 2021.

AKC GR and NH DOGS testified in support of HB 249, which seeks to authorize animal shelters to own or lease a facility rather than be required to own it. The bill also clarifies which exemptions to health certificate requirements apply to animal shelters, imposes a quarantine period on animals imported into the state, and requires that shelters contact the microchip owner of record before any transfer of the animal. Governor Sununu signed Chapter 214 of the Acts of 2021, into law on August 17. These provisions take effect in 60 days.

HB 250 was championed on behalf of AKC GR and NH DOGS by Representative Howard Pearl.  Effective immediately, the new law (Chapter 215 of the Acts of 2021) increases, from 25 to 30, the number of dogs a person can transfer in one year before needing to obtain a state pet vendor license.  It also provides protection to those who previously did not meet the pre-2019 requirements for licensure as a commercial kennel (50 dogs transferred) but who now qualify to be licensed as a “pet vendor” (because they transfer more than 30 dogs), by providing an opportunity to apply to the Commissioner for an exemption, if certain criteria are met.  Lastly, the law eliminates the need to submit municipal zoning approval with a pet vendor license application, unless the applicant transfers more than the original limit of 50 dogs a year.

House lawmakers have completed the filing of bills for consideration in 2022.  Although text is not yet available, one was of immediate concern to AKC GR. LSR 2022-2690 would prohibit the use of canine units in law enforcement.  AKC GR reached out to the bill sponsor to learn of her concerns.  After sharing educational materials, including the AKC Detection Dog Taskforce initiative, and offering access to expert handlers who could answer her questions, she withdrew the bill request.

New Jersey

A.1365 would have prohibited the “harassing or taking” of wildlife at competitive events. The intent of similar legislation introduced in other states is to prohibit contests during which the goal is the killing of the most wildlife. However, the original wording of AB 1365 could have impacted clubs offering performance events in New Jersey. The bill was amended in a committee hearing to address AKC’s concerns, but did not receiving further consideration prior to the conclusion of the 2020-2021 legislative session. Read more.

A.2401/S.3607 sought to establish new dog-related rules, including overreaching requirements for “large dogs.” AKC opposes the targeting of a specific phenotypic group of dogs for additional regulation.  A significantly amended version of A.2401 was adopted by the Assembly Agriculture Committee on June 21; however, the bill do not receive additional consideration during the 2020-2021 legislative session.

AKC strongly supported the enactment of A.3231/S.975, which established a felony crime for trunk fighting.  The bill became law in May 2021.

S.2868 and A. 4533 sought to establish a courtroom advocates (“lawyers for dogs”) program in the state. The bill featured broad language that will likely impact the legal classification of animals in the state. The bill passed the Senate, but failed to receive further consideration in the Assembly Judiciary Committee. The bills went further than the 2016 Connecticut law they were purportedly based on.  First, they added findings that justified providing animals certain policy protections and considerations traditionally reserved for humans.  Second, unlike Connecticut law, they failed to include an explicit declaration that the legal classification of animals as property would not be impacted.  Third, while Connecticut’s law is limited to cases involving dogs and cats, the bills would have applied to all species of animals.  AKC and a broad coalition expressed ongoing deep concerns about the direct impact of the bills, as well as the unintended consequences that would have likely resulted, throughout the legislative session.  S.2868 passed the full Senate, but failed to gain further consideration by the Assembly Judiciary Committee.

S.4058 and A.6099 sought to update the state’s tethering provisions and create new costs of care laws for dogs seized as part of a criminal or civil animal cruelty case.  AKC expressed deep concerns with onerous cost of care provisions, and requested amendments to (1) better protect the constitutional, property, and contractual rights of dog owners; (2) to protect the interests of non-possessory co-owners, and (3) ensure that only medically necessary surgical procedures are permitted to be performed on a seized animal.  S.4058 was passed by the Senate on the last voting day of the lame duck session, but neither S.4058 nor A.6099 were considered by the full Assembly prior to the end of the session.

House Bill 1175 limits liability related to COVID-19.  This bill, supported by AKC, was signed by the governor on April 23.

Assembly Bill 1365 would have prohibited the “harassing or taking” of wildlife at competitive events.  This would have impacted all clubs offering AKC-sanctioned performance events in New Jersey, including those that offer sporting, hound, earthdog, and herding events.  AKC voiced strong opposition to A.1365, and it was pulled from committee consideration.

New York

A. 4075/S. 4254, supported by the AKC, prohibit insurance companies from refusing to issue or renew, or from canceling or raising premiums for, homeowner’s insurance based on breed of dog (or mixed-breed) owned by the policyholder. It does allow for insurance companies to take these actions if any dog (regardless of breed) has been declared dangerous based on current law, so long as these actions are based on “sound underwriting and actuarial principles” that are reasonably related to actual or anticipated loss. The bill was signed by the governor.

S. 6027 would allow a person to receive damages for mental distress or emotional harm caused by the injury or death of a companion animal. AKC provided written testimony and issued alerts in opposition. This bill passed the Senate Judiciary Committee, but was ultimately held and did not advance.  It could be reconsidered in the 2022 session.

A.4283/S. 1130, opposed by AKC, would prohibit retail pet stores from selling any dogs or cats. Instead, they would only be allowed to “showcase” animals available for adoption from a shelter, rescue, or adoption agency that has no affiliation with breeders. As such, they would no longer be required to provide background information on the dogs or provide consumer protection for sales. The bills also imply that reputable breeders should not be involved in rescue work.  AKC issued numerous alerts, submitted written testimony, had meetings with lawmakers, and submitted op-eds in opposition.  The bills passed the Senate and two Assembly Committees, but were ultimately held in the Assembly Rules Committee.  The bills could be considered again in 2022.

North Carolina

Burke County proposed mandatory breeder permits and other onerous regulations that would have punished breeders and sportsmen.  AKC worked with local sporting dog enthusiasts and fanciers to communicate concerns to the Animal Advisory Board and county commission. In December, the advisory committee voted unanimously to table the breeder permit and instead work with AKC on breeder standards of care. AKC worked with the board and local animal shelter director on amendments for several month, and many the amendments were accepted. The advisory board approved the amended proposal, but it was ultimately defeated by the county commission.  AKC continues to work with the county Animal Services to provide expertise and guidance to address their concerns.


As introduced, House Bill 1580 contained unclear tethering provisions that could have resulted in unintended consequences impacting responsible dog owners and outdoor dog events.  This bill passed committee, but after discussions with the sponsor, he agreed to hold the bill and work with AKC, clubs, and sportsmen in the interim on developing a tethering proposal that addresses concerns of cruelty without harming responsible owners.


Westtown Township, Chester County, PA, was working on a dog ordinance designed primarily to address nuisances like barking, owners not cleaning up after dogs, and dogs running at large.  The Planning Commission first recommended a proposal which would have instituted a problematic “leash law” throughout the municipality, impacting many dog events and activities.  Working with a local resident and the Pennsylvania Federation of Dog Clubs, AKC GR was able to provide sample ordinances to the Planning Commission which better addressed the issue of dogs running at large.  The Planning Commission revised the original ordinance and rewrote the section on dogs running at large which vastly improved the section for both dogs and responsible dog owners by ensuring responsible, humane activities and events were protected while still holding owners accountable.

Rhode Island

The Tiverton Town Council adopted changes to its dogs “at large” and nuisance ordinance.  AKC GR worked closely with the sponsoring councilwoman to first provide a warning and AKC materials on how to stop barking dogs before issuing fines in violation of disturbing the peace.  The council also adopted AKC’s suggested edits clarifying those instances when a dog may properly be off an owner’s property and off leash and therefore not subject to penalties.

Refiled from 2019, HB 5040 seeks to create a statewide animal cruelty registry. The intent of the bill is that offenders listed on the registry would be prohibited from owning animals because the bill would require all pet sellers and shelters to check the registry before transferring an animal, with significant fines for violations. AKC GR and the Rhode Island American Civil Liberties Union expressed significant concerns with the bill at a House Judiciary Committee Hearing. AKC noted specific concerns with the ineffectiveness of registries at preventing animal cruelty and the ease at which cruelty violators would be able to evade the registry, and encouraged the committee to consider more effective means. The committee held the bill for further study and no action was taken before adjournment.

The House Judiciary Committee considered testimony on HB 5569, which seeks to allow district courts to include pets in temporary protective orders for domestic violence victims. While family courts already have this power, AKC GR submitted testimony in support of this measure to further protect pets from violence in domestic situations. The committee held the bill for further study, and no action was taken before adjournment.

HB 5577 would authorize court-appointed legal advocates for animals. AKC GR issued an alert and testified in opposition to the bill before the House Judiciary Committee, which retained the bill for further review. The Senate President introduced SB 534 and the Senate Minority Leader introduced SB 601, companion bills to HB 5577. AKC GR developed a fact sheet for constituents and contacted potentially impacted governmental stakeholders, including the Department of Environmental Management, Attorney General, and the Rhode Island Supreme Court. AKC GR, AKC clubs in the state, and the RI ACLU testified in opposition and met with lawmakers and staff. A commitment was made by the Senate President to not move forward with the bills as introduced, and no action was taken before adjournment.

In marriage dissolution cases, HB 5580 would authorize courts to use the same criteria used in awarding the custody of a child for awarding the possession of a pet. AKC GR submitted written testimony in opposition to courts using criteria governing child custody disputes for animals.  In the final days of the session, AKC GR issued an alert regarding elimination of the word “custody” and use of the words “possession” or “ownership” instead.  The bill sponsor, Representative Charlene Lima, agreed to the changes and an amended bill was adopted in the House on July 1, 2021.  The Senate did not take up the bill before adjournment.

HB 5617 would place a lifetime ban on the possession of animals by anyone convicted of serious animal cruelty. AKC expressed concerns that the bill could take away an important discretionary tool judges have to obtain agreement by a defendant to engage in mental health counseling to determine whether the conduct was the result of mental illness, and, if so, to order treatment. Moreover, as introduced, the bill did not address how a convicted person would be monitored for compliance for the duration of their lifetime. The House Judiciary Committee has held the bill for further study, and no action was taken before adjournment.

HB 5736 seeks to ban tethering a dog outside for more than 30 minutes when the temperature is below 32 degrees or above 90 degrees. Current law provides animal control officers with discretion to address any weather situation where a dog might be at risk of harm. Because adding specific temperatures to the law could diminish protections for a breed that tolerates only moderate temperatures and punish owners of breeds that thrive in lower temperatures, AKC testified in opposition to HB 5736 before the House Judiciary Committee. The committee retained the bill for further study, and no action was taken before adjournment.

SB 319 would authorize an officer to hold an animal rescued from a motor vehicle for up to 72 hours or until a court arraignment could be scheduled. Additionally, after a hearing, a court could order that the owner permanently surrender physical possession and ownership of the animal. AKC GR submitted written testimony expressing concerns with SB 319’s potentially onerous impacts. No action was taken before adjournment.

South Dakota

House Bill 1046, which limits liability for certain exposures to COVID-19, was signed into law by Gov. Noem on February 18, 2021.


Senate Bill 511 sought to create a new commercial breeder licensing program similar to a program that was allowed to sunset in 2014 due to its ineffectiveness.  AKC GR provided direct advocacy with key Tennessee lawmakers, provided action alerts and testimony in opposition, and worked with Tennessee residents to express their opposition as constituents. The Senate Energy, Agriculture, and Natural Resources Committee considered the bill and did not advance it.

HB 361/SB 310 sought to allow governmental animal control agencies to enter abandoned property and dwellings to rescue non-livestock animals. AKC expressed concerns regarding vague definitions and the impact on property and privacy rights of dog owners. HB 361 was favorably amended in committee, but did not further advance.


Senate Bill 323 would have expanded the state’s licensed breeders program to include many hobby breeders by reducing the thresholds for ownership and sales that currently exempt many hobby breeders. AKC presented strong, sustained opposition to SB 323, which resulted in the measure not being scheduled for committee consideration.

At the request of both the House and Senate sponsors, AKC was pleased to support House Bill 604, a common-sense measure aimed at protecting the rights of owners of lost and at-large dogs.  The bill requires animal shelters, releasing agencies, and animal rescue organizations to scan an animal for a microchip as soon as practicable after the animal is placed in their custody.  AKC also supported this legislation during the 2019 Texas legislative session.  The bill was signed into law by Governor Abbott on Mary 26, 2021, and became law on September 1, 2021.

House Bill 1083 sought to provide for the quick termination of ownership rights in animals that are impounded by an animal shelter.  AKC expressed strong, sustained opposition to HB 1083, which did not advance.

House Bill 1818 attempted to limit the sources of dogs and cats that pet stores located in counties with a population over 200,000 could sell.  AKC opposed the version of the bill that was passed by the House, which limited sources to animal control agencies, animal shelters, or animal rescue organizations.  The bill was subsequently amended by the Senate to allow certain licensed commercial breeders to remain a source of purpose-bred pets, which AKC supported.  The bill ultimately failed when a conference committee was appointed but failed to agree on a final version.


As introduced, House Bill 420 would have banned the retail sale of pets at pet stores, unless they were sourced from a shelter or rescue.  The definition of “pet store” was so broad it could also have encompassed home-based breeders and hobbyists.  AKC GR expressed concerns with the bill, and issued an alert to Utah clubs.  The bill was tabled for the year and did not move prior to adjournment.


House Bill 421, supported by the AKC and the state federation, narrows the list of individuals authorized as “humane officers” who investigate cases of animal cruelty and mandates the completion of trainings approved by the Animal Cruelty Investigation Advisory Board. The bill was signed by the governor.


The Waynesboro City Council was considering a limit on animal ownership as part of a rewrite of the City’s Animal Ordinance.  As proposed ownership would have been limited a household to 4 dogs, 5 cats, and no more than 7 total animals, with no grandfather clause for those currently owning more than 7 animals.  As a result of comments and feedback from AKC GR, the Virginia Federation of Dog Clubs and Breeders, local clubs, and residents, Mayor Bobby Henderson announced at the September 13, 2021 Council meeting that City Council does not support limiting the number of dogs and cats and will not be pushing that proposal forward.

HB 2109 originally sought to expand the Board of Agriculture and Consumer Services by adding an at-large member who is expert in companion animal welfare who is employed by a releasing agency in Virginia.  AKC GR, its state federation, and others expressed concerns and asked for an expansion to ensure all animal welfare experts were represented.  A substitute bill offered removed the provision and instead required that at least one of the congressional district appointees to be a veterinarian licensed and currently practicing in the Commonwealth.  The bill ultimately failed in subcommittee.

West Virginia

HB 2095 sought to enhance West Virginia’s animal welfare laws and bring state law into alignment with reasonable, accepted animal husbandry and care laws and provide comprehensive laws regarding the care of animals by public shelters. The sponsor agreed to offer AKC’s amendments to extreme weather and consumer protection and extended an offer to work with AKC on the hoarding issue and language during the interims and next session.  The bill passed the House with amended language.  While the bill did not make it to the Senate floor for a vote prior to the end of session on April 10, AKC GR will be working with the sponsor to have the bill reintroduced next session.


Senate File 24 sought to address the issue of caring for animals seized on suspicion of cruelty.  AKC and local clubs expressed significant concerns with Senate Bill 24, which could have caused someone to permanently lose ownership of their animals if they fail to pay for care – even if they are found not guilty.  The Senate Agriculture, State, Public Lands, & Water Committee tabled this bill.

Senate File 25, similar to Senate File 24, addresses the issue of the care for animals seized when the owner is suspected of cruelty.  This bill had several positive aspects, but AKC asked for specific clarifications to ensure that an owner would not lose their animals if they are ultimately found not guilty.  The Chair of the Senate Judiciary Committee filed amendments to amend this language.  She also added language stating that no animal may be forfeited without a hearing, regardless of whether a bond is posted, if “the animal is connected to the livelihood or ability to make a living of the owner.”  Finally, she shortened the mandatory time frame in which a hearing must be conducted from 14 days to 7 days.  The bill was signed by the governor with AKC’s requested amendment.