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In this 1930s photo, the longest reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth, is pictured with one of her first, beloved Welsh Corgis, Dookie. In the photo's original caption, Dookie was described as "a born sentimentalist."

It all started with Susan. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was a gift to the then-Princess Elizabeth, eldest daughter of King George VI, for her 18th birthday. Registered as “Hickathrift Pippa,” the dog at first went by Sue, which evolved into Susan. Susan and Elizabeth became so attached to one another that Susan accompanied the princess on her honeymoon with Prince Philip, hidden under blankets in the royal carriage.

As Queen, Elizabeth II became perhaps the most famous Pembroke Welsh Corgi owner in history. She owned more than 30 of the dogs in her lifetime. On that birthday in 1944, a love affair was born, for both the future monarch and the world.

Pembroke Welsh Corgis from Rozavel Kennels in England, the largest kennel of the breed in the world circa the mid-1930s. It was run by Thelma Gray, who began supplying the Royal Family with the first of their famously beloved dogs in 1933. Photo: AKC Library & Archives

The Royal Pembroke Welsh Corgi History 

Susan, however, was not Elizabeth’s first exposure to the breed. In fact, Pembroke Welsh Corgis had been a part of the royal family before. In 1933, breeder Thelma Gray brought a litter of puppies to show the then-Duke of York, the future George VI, and his family. The family chose a dog and named him Dookie. A few years later, Gray gave the royal family another Pembroke Welsh Corgi called Jane. And thus, there were two.

At the start of World War II, Dookie passed away, but Jane gave birth to a puppy called Crackers, and there were two royal Pembrokes again. When Jane was accidentally run over and killed in 1944, Princess Elizabeth was heartbroken but wrote to the driver to tell him that she was sure it wasn’t his fault, according to Michael Joseph Gross in Vanity Fair. Susan then became the first Pembroke Welsh Corgi to belong solely to Elizabeth and also became the foundation of a royal breeding program.

AKC Library and Archives
Princess Elizabeth with the first two Pembrokes to join the House of Windsor, Dookie and Jane, in 1936. Photos: AKC Library and Archives

The Queen’s Breeding Program

The Queen personally oversaw a program of Pembroke Welsh Corgi breeding at Windsor Castle. Purebred puppies bred by Her Majesty incorporated the affix, or kennel name, of Windsor into their monikers. It wasn’t until recently that much of this information was known, as “according to a set of unwritten but strictly observed conventions, the breeders who took part in the Queen’s program never discussed their experience in public, and rarely even with one another,” Gross notes.

But now, we know that Susan is the common ancestor of all Queen Elizabeth’s Pembrokes, an incredible genetic legacy. Two of her final pups, Holly and Willow, appear to have been the 14th generation of Susan’s descendants. Over the years, the Queen called on prominent breeders, such as Gray, Maureen Johnston, Ally Boughton, and others, to help her continue her lines.

How did she care for all those dogs? The answer: Bill and Nancy Fenwick. Bill Fenwick became Windsor’s head gamekeeper, and in doing so, he and his wife also became the caretakers of the Pembrokes. Nancy trained the dogs to go up the stairs, fed and looked after them, and assisted with finding matches to mate with Queen Elizabeth’s canines. When Nancy Fenwick died, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, attended the memorial service, accompanied by the Queen. By royal protocol, the monarch does not attend staff funerals, but it seems here an exception was made.

Princess Elizabeth with the first two Pembrokes to join the House of Windsor, Dookie and Jane, in 1936. Photos: AKC Library and Archives

The End of an Era

When Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother died in 2002, people in the community began to realize that the breeding program had stopped. In 2012, Monty Roberts, the Queen’s equine advisor, asked her about the breeding of her Pembroke Welsh Corgis. Queen Elizabeth reportedly said that she “didn’t want to have any more young dogs. She didn’t want to leave any young dog behind.”

The Queen has also owned numerous mixed-breed dogs. While officially, the palace has kept quiet on matters involving the dogs, The Washington Post reported that the Queen was hit particularly hard by Willow’s death in 2018. After all, she was the last real tie to the dog that started it all, Susan.

Princess Elizabeth with the first two Pembroke Welsh Corgis to join the House of Windsor, Dookie and Jane in 1936. Photos: AKC Library and Archives

The Royal Pembroke Today

However, the Queen has revived her love of the animal. According to an excerpt from The Other Side of the Coin, The Queen, the Dresser and the Wardrobe, written by Her Majesty’s dresser Angela Kelly, Queen Elizabeth received two puppies in February 2021: a mixed-breed dog named Fergus and a Pembroke Welsh Corgi named Muick. Three months later, Fergus died, but Prince Andrew and his family gifted her a new Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppy, Sandy; they gave her another Pembroke pup named Muick.

During her years on the throne, the Queen used her love for her dogs to make the monarchy friendly and put people at ease. The late Diana, Princess of Wales, once quipped that the dog resemble “a moving carpet,” noted biographer Sally Bedell Smith in Diana in Search of Herself: Portrait of a Troubled Princess.

The Pembrokes have often helped to break the ice with strangers, even at one point providing therapy for a war surgeon suffering a post-traumatic stress disorder attack. Now, in pop culture, the Pembrokes have been featured in productions like The King’s Speech and The Crown, and the UK Kennel Club cites these instances as producing new interest in the breed.

Elizabeth II died at 96 years old on September 8, 2022, making her the longest-lived British monarch thus far. At the time of the Queen’s death, she still owned Muick and Sandy, among other dogs. Muick and Sandy went to live with the Duke of York and his former wife, Sarah Ferguson; the former Duchess of York selected the dogs and the Duke gifted them to the late monarch. This continues the legacy of one of the most prolific and dedicated Pembroke Welsh Corgi breeders and ambassadors that the world has ever seen.

Related article: How Queen Elizabeth II Popularized the Pembroke Welsh Corgi
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