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Being a savvy pet owner, you spent your dog’s entire life so far trying to be the best. Right from the start, you’ve worked with your veterinarian to ensure your puppy’s diet was appropriate, vaccines were up-to-date, your dog was parasite-free, and more. Many owners have even offered nutritional supplements for maximum health, such as multivitamins, oral joint health products (often containing glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate), and even fish oil containing omega-3 fatty acids for optimal skin/coat health and brain development.

Now years have passed, and your pup is no longer a spring chicken. Perhaps their vision and hearing aren’t as sharp as they once were, coat quality isn’t quite as lustrous, they sleep a bit more, or a few extra pounds have somehow crept up on them. As they age, do they still bound to the door, excited for a walk whenever you get out the leash? Or do they amble nimbly once the cold weather hits?

What can we do to help our dogs fight the cold and maintain mobility? Lots. Peruse this list and attempt to incorporate one, two, or all six ways to best the winter and keep your pet moving comfortably.

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1. Have a veterinarian examine your dog at least once annually. Some dogs will need more vet visits than others. Twice a year might be necessary for older dogs, or dogs diagnosed with a specific condition such as osteoarthritis, hypothyroidism, or Cushing’s disease. A lot can change in your dog’s health in a single year. These appointments provide the perfect opportunity to discuss diet, activity levels, medications, nutritional supplements, and more.

2. Manage weight to ensure appropriate body condition. Rather than worrying about exactly how much food your dog consumes daily or what the scale says, take a different approach. Can you easily feel your dog’s ribs? When standing over your dog, looking down at them, can you observe the end of the rib cage and see a nice, tucked-in waistline? Considering the obesity epidemic facing domesticated dogs in America, the answer is likely “no” to both these questions. Either decrease the number of treats and amount of food offered or ask your veterinarian for diet options to facilitate weight loss. Every extra pound places unnecessary strain on joints.

Work with your veterinarian to make certain that your dog is at the appropriate weight and determine what diet is best for the dog. A dog’s weight and diet should be determined by its age, breed, lifestyle, and health. It can sometimes be challenging for owners to accurately assess their own dog’s proper weight, as they might not realize how much weight their dog has lost or gained because they see them every day.

3. Keep moving! Not only does exercise maintain muscling over joints to help stabilize the bones and associated soft tissues of the hips, shoulders, elbows, etc., but even low-level exercise can facilitate weight loss.

Try creating a canine fitness plan. Be certain to introduce new activities slowly, and avoid being a “weekend warrior.” Slow and steady wins the race. Always monitor your dog’s response to exercise and be aware of the weather—use sweaters and boots to protect them from the cold when necessary.

4. Consider massage or physical therapy to keep your dog comfortable. Swimming is a great non-weight-bearing activity, especially on cold, windy winter days that are uninviting for outdoor exercise. Look for a facility that has an indoor pool for canines, or ask your veterinary practitioner to recommend a reliable massage therapist.

5. If needed, use towels, ramps, and other aids. Consider employing aids to help your pet. Pet ramps or dog stairs can help your dog get up or enter/exit vehicles. Place carpets on slippery floors to avoid injury.

6. Offer a quality oral joint health supplement. These supplements can provide key ingredients required for maintaining joint health and exerting anti-inflammatory effects. Examples include glucosamine, chondroitin sulfate, and avocado-soybean unsaponifiables (ASU), among others.

Supplements should be given under the guidance of a veterinarian who is familiar with the product. The addition of any supplement, even “natural” or “herbal” products can be potentially harmful, especially if your pet is receiving other medications (e.g., to treat heart disease, seizures, gastrointestinal disorders, etc.). Choose supplements manufactured by reputable companies that follow pharmaceutical-grade quality assurance/control procedures and that rely on science to support their products rather than testimonials.

Related article: Hypothermia in Dogs: How Cold Is Too Cold?
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