The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.
The Taiwan Dog’s intuitive nature and connection to its master were most likely honed from generations of collaboratively hunting small game in the mountains. This also means that they are extremely responsive to commands and easily trained. This breed can be reserved towards strangers and are fearless in protecting their family. Therefore, socialization for the Taiwan dog is necessary to mediate its strong instinct to protect its master and family. They should be an integral part of the family household and not an outside dog as they excel with daily interaction and socialization.
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The Taiwan Dog should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
The Taiwan Dog’s short, two-layer coat requires minimal grooming. A weekly brushing and the occasional bath will suffice. Dental care is recommended, as like other breeds, to prevent tartar build-up. Their nails should be trimmed as needed with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in infection.
To curb his intense protective instincts, it is strongly recommended to socialize and train your Taiwan Dog. He will be happiest when he is an integral part of the family household.
Other than age-related degenerative conditions, the Taiwan Dog is a healthy breed with no known health issues. Working with a responsible breeder, prospective owners can gain the education they need to learn about specific health concerns within the breed.
Taiwan Dogs have been genetically traced back between 10,000 and 20,000 years ago, making them one of the oldest and most primitive dog breeds in the world. They are the descendants of the South Asian hunting dogs indigenous to the central mountainous regions of Taiwan and was the loyal companion of the ancient hunter in the wild forest.
Scholars from the National Taiwan University, Japan Gifu University and Nagoya University carried out a cooperative study in 1980 on the subject of the native Taiwan Dog. They visited twenty-nine tribes of local inhabitants and as a result, it was confirmed that the present Taiwan Dog is indeed a descendant of the South Asian hunting dogs.
This ancient breed has been an integral part of Taiwan’s historical and cultural landscape for thousands of years. Now, they are popular all across the island as a watch and companion dog.
Also known as Formosan Mountain Dogs, they have gained popularity in America due to the rescue efforts that have transplanted abandoned Taiwan Dog mixes to the U.S. However, purebred Taiwan Dogs are extremely rare and mostly kept for conservation efforts in Taiwan.