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  • Temperament: Loyal, Versatile, Intelligent
  • Height: 17-20 inches
  • Weight: 26-40 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 9-13 years
  • Group: Foundation Stock Service

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

FCI Standard
Taiwan Dog standing in grass in three-quarter view

About the Taiwan Dog

The Taiwan Dog’s intuitive nature and connection to its master were most likely honed from generations of collaboratively hunting small game in the mountains. This also means that they are extremely responsive to commands and easily trained. This breed can be reserved towards strangers and are fearless in protecting their family. Therefore, socialization for the Taiwan Dog is necessary to mediate its strong instinct to protect its master and family. They should be an integral part of the family household and not an outside dog as they excel with daily interaction and socialization.


Club Contact Details

Club: Taiwan Dog Club of America
Address: PO Box 640, Chino Hills, CA 91709


National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
Taiwan Dog

Find a Puppy: Taiwan Dog

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC.



The Taiwan Dog should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.


The Taiwan Dog’s short, two-layer coat requires minimal grooming. A weekly brushing and the occasional bath will suffice. Dental care is recommended, as like other breeds, to prevent tartar build-up. Their nails should be trimmed as needed with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in infection.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Weekly Brushing




This breed should be exercised regularly and entertained with new games. Options for exercise could include play time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or being taken for walks several times a day. Exercise can also come in the form of indoor activities, like hide-and-seek, chasing a ball rolled along the floor, or learning new tricks. Certain outdoor activities like swimming, hiking, or retrieving balls or flying discs can provide a good outlet for expending energy. If you live in an apartment, even short walks in the hallways can give your dog some exercise, especially during inclement weather. Training for dog sports like agility, obedience, and rally can also be a great way to give your dog exercise.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity
Needs Lots of Activity


To curb his intense protective instincts, it is strongly recommended to socialize and train your Taiwan Dog. He will be happiest when he is an integral part of the family household.


May be Stubborn
Eager to Please
Easy Training


Reserved with Strangers


Other than age-related degenerative conditions, the Taiwan Dog is a healthy breed with no known health issues. Working with a responsible breeder, prospective owners can gain the education they need to learn about specific health concerns within the breed.

Taiwan Dog
Taiwan Dog
Taiwan Dog


Taiwan Dogs have been genetically traced back between 10,000 and 20,000 years ago, making them one of the oldest and most primitive dog breeds in the world. They are the descendants of the South Asian hunting dogs indigenous to the central mountainous regions of Taiwan and was the loyal companion of the ancient hunter in the wild forest.

Scholars from the National Taiwan University, Japan Gifu University and Nagoya University carried out a cooperative study in 1980 on the subject of the native Taiwan Dog. They visited twenty-nine communities of local inhabitants and as a result, it was confirmed that the present Taiwan Dog is indeed a descendant of the South Asian hunting dogs.

This ancient breed has been an integral part of Taiwan’s historical and cultural landscape for thousands of years. Now, they are popular all across the island as a watch and companion dog.

Also known as Formosan Mountain Dogs, they have gained popularity in America due to the rescue efforts that have transplanted abandoned Taiwan Dog mixes to the U.S. However, purebred Taiwan Dogs are extremely rare and mostly kept for conservation efforts in Taiwan.

Did You Know?

The Taiwan Dog has been assigned the Hound Group designation.
The Taiwan Dog has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since May 2017.
Taiwan Dogs have spotted tongues.
Taiwan Dogs were used by Taiwanese indigenous people to hunt wild boar and other small game.
Taiwan Dogs are extremely versatile and have been used as guard dogs, stunt dogs, and search and rescue dogs, despite its origins as a self-sufficient hunter.
Taiwan Dog females in their native surroundings often dig dens in the ground for birthing.
Taiwan Dogs are closely related to the Dingo and New Guinea Singing Dog.

The Breed Standard

Colors & Markings


Description Standard Colors Registration Code
Black Check Mark For Standard Color 007
Brindle Check Mark For Standard Color 057
Fawn Check Mark For Standard Color 082
White Check Mark For Standard Color 199
White & Black Check Mark For Standard Color 202
White & Brindle Check Mark For Standard Color 203
White & Fawn Check Mark For Standard Color 207
Red 140


Description Standard Markings Registration Code
Brindle Points Check Mark For Standard Mark 046
Tan Points Check Mark For Standard Mark 029
White Markings Check Mark For Standard Mark 014
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