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  • Temperament: Courageous, Alert, Faithful
  • Height: 23-27.5 inches
  • Weight: 68-97 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 11-13 years
  • Group: Foundation Stock Service

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

FCI Standard
Slovensky Cuvac standing in the yard.
Slovensky Cuvac running in a field in a mountainous landscape.
Slovensky Cuvac head in profile outdoors.
Two Slovensky Cuvac dogs, one laying down and one sitting, in a field.
Slovensky Cuvac head portrait outdoors.

About the Slovensky Cuvac

The Slovensky Cuvac’s breed characteristics conform in type with those of a mountain dog of firm constitution, impressive appearance and thick white coat. He has a strong bone, a lively temperament and is vigilant, fearless and alert. For centuries, he has been accustomed to the harsh climate of the Slovakian mountains, especially the Tatra Mountains. His vigilance and alertness helped to give him his name, as the Slovak word cuvat means to hear.



National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
Two Slovensky Cuvac puppies in the grass.

Find a Puppy: Slovensky Cuvac

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC.



The Slovensky Cuvac should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.


Beyond regular weekly grooming, the occasional bath will keep the Slovensky Cuvac clean and looking his best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog. The strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Weekly Brushing




Options for exercise could include play time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or being taken for walks several times a day. Exercise can also come in the form of indoor activities, like hide-and-seek, chasing a ball rolled along the floor, or learning new tricks. Certain outdoor activities like swimming, hiking, or retrieving balls can provide a good outlet for expending energy. Training for dog sports like agility, obedience, and rally can also be a great way to give your dog exercise.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity


Some dogs may be faced with health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Slovensky Cuvac are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, prospective owners can gain the education they need to learn about specific health concerns within the breed.

Slovensky Cuvac head portrait outdoors.
Slovensky Cuvac laying down in the grass.
Slovensky Cuvac head in profile outdoors.
Slovensky Cuvac puppy in the grass.
Slovensky Cuvac head portrait.
Slovensky Cuvac standing in a field.


The Slovensky Cuvac breed is derived from Arctic wolves, whose remains from the pre-ice age have been preserved in the mountainous regions of Europe to the edge of the glaciers. They include the northern slopes of the Caucasus, the Balkans, especially the Rodope Mountains, the Carpathians, especially the Tatra, the northern slopes of the Abruzzi and Alps and finally the Pyrenees.

Slovak alpine farming has a very ancient tradition and the Tatra Chuvach (Slovensky Cuvac), together with the mountain sheep, the Huzul horse and the other typical mountain inhabitants, formed the basis for the economy which utilized the different animals in their own way. These mountain people were largely free people, not suppressed by medieval forced labor, and protected the frontiers, paying their dues merely in the form of “sheep’s cheese.” Centered in Kaschau, they were essentially a herding and military organization, called the Wallachischer Bund, and members carried out their service on the mountain meadows, always with their watch dogs.

As a good guard, watch, and companion dog, as well as guide for the shepherds, the Tatra Chuvach has also proved his worth in the guarding of cattle and driving of poultry and other domestic animals to pasture. Holiday makers visiting the mountain farmers to buy cheese and other products found pleasure in the thickly-coated puppies and so transferred the breed to the lowlands, where they were not seldom regarded as a luxury breed because of their unusual appearance.

The Stud Book of the Tatra Chuvach in Czechoslovakia was founded in the early 1900s by Professor Anton Hruza of the Brno Veterinary College. Since then, the club for Tatra Chuvach breeders, with its headquarters in Bratislava, has kept exact records and held exhibitions, assessments, competitions and shows in all regions of the republic.

Did You Know?

The Slovensky Cuvac has been assigned the Herding Group designation.
The Slovensky Cuvac has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since February 2009.
The Slovensky Cuvac has been approved to compete in AKC Companion events since January 1, 2010.
The Slovensky Cuvac is also known as the Slovak Cuvac, Tatra Chuvach, or Slovakian Chuvach.

The Breed Standard

Colors & Markings


Description Standard Colors Registration Code
White Check Mark For Standard Color 199