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  • Temperament: Friendly, Watchful, Lively
  • Height: 16-20 inches
  • Weight: 26-55 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Group: Foundation Stock Service

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

FCI Standard
Schapendoes standing outdoors in green grass
Schapendoes head turned left.
Schapendoes standing in three-quarter view.
Schapendoes sitting in three-quarter view.
Schapendoes laying down outdoors.
Schapendoes playing in the snow.
Two Schapendoes side by side outdoors.
Schapendoes fetching a stick in the snow.
Close-up of a Schapendoes face.

About the Schapendoes

The Schapendoes were everywhere in the Netherlands during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but their numbers dwindled drastically when Border Collies were imported. When the breed club for Nederlandse Schapendoes was founded in 1947, the Schapendoes breed was resuscitated.

The Schapendoes is a lightly-built, long-coated, medium-sized dog. His movements are effortless and springy and his astounding ability to jump makes him excel at agility and other dog sports. With an attentive and courageous character, he is intelligent, watchful, lively, friendly and high-spirited. Towards people familiar to him, he develops great affection and loyalty.


Club Contact Details

Club: Schapendoes USA Club
Address: 236 Chandler Ave, Elmhurst, IL 60126

National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.

Find a Puppy: Schapendoes

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC.



The Schapendoes should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.


Beyond regular weekly grooming, the occasional bath will keep the Schapendoes clean and looking his best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog. The strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Weekly Brushing




The Schapendoes needs a lot of exercise. Daily running for an hour keeps him fit and prevents nervousness. Other options for exercise include play time in the backyard, preferably fenced, or being taken for walks several times a day. Exercise can also come in the form of indoor activities, like hide-and-seek, chasing a ball rolled along the floor, or learning new tricks. Certain outdoor activities like swimming, hiking, and retrieving balls or flying discs can provide a good outlet for expending energy. If you live in an apartment, even short walks in the hallways can give your dog some exercise, especially during inclement weather. Training for dog sports like agility, obedience, and rally can also be a great way to give your dog exercise.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity
Regular Exercise


Schapendoes like to learn and they do so willingly, but they may occasionally have an independent streak.


May be Stubborn
Eager to Please
Easy Training




Some dogs may be faced with these issues in their lives, but the majority of Schapendoes are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Schapendoes can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.

Schapendoes leaping through the snow.


At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, the Nederlandse Schapendoes (Dutch Schapendoes) occurred throughout the Netherlands where they were primarily sheep-herding dogs. The shepherds valued them for the tireless pleasure they took in their work and their intelligence. The breed belongs to a wide-ranging group of longhaired herding breeds, which have densely-coated heads, and is related to the Bearded Collie, Puli, Polish Lowland Sheepdog, Bobtail, Briard, Bergamasco and the Old German Sheepdog of the variety which occurs in Hessen, Odenwald and the Niederrhein district. All these similar dogs are smaller mutations of mountain dogs.

The canine authority, P.M.C. Toepoel, is the founder of the Schapendoes. During World War II, the breed almost vanished, but he knew how to rouse people’s interest back into the sheep-herding dog and any specimen of the  Schapendoes was used for breeding from wherever they could be found.

The Breed Club for Nederlandse Schapendoes was founded in 1947 and, in 1952, the breed was provisionally recognized by the Raad van Beheer. In 1954, the standard was set up and a Stud Book started. Definite recognition followed in 1971. Since then, only registered dogs have been bred from.

Did You Know?

The Schapendoes has been assigned the Herding Group designation.
Although they have been in existence for many centuries, they are not well known.
The Schapendoes breed is related to the Bearded Collie, Polish Lowland, Puli, Briard and Bergamasco.
The Schapendoes has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since December 2005.

The Breed Standard

Colors & Markings


Description Standard Colors Registration Code
Beige Check Mark For Standard Color 004
Black Check Mark For Standard Color 007
Black & White Check Mark For Standard Color 019
Brown Check Mark For Standard Color 061
Chocolate & White Check Mark For Standard Color 271
Gray Check Mark For Standard Color 100
Gray & White Check Mark For Standard Color 105
Tri-Colored Check Mark For Standard Color 380
White Check Mark For Standard Color 199
Beige & Brown 385
Beige & White 387
Black & Beige 383
Black & Gray 012
Black & Silver 016
Black Gray & Beige 384
Black Gray & White 024
Black White & Silver 033
Gray Tan & Beige 386
Red Black & White 147
White & Apricot 200
White & Brown 204
White & Gold 208
White & Liver 212
White & Silver 216
White Gray & Tan 382


Description Standard Markings Registration Code
Black Patches 088
Gray Patches 089
Gray Tips 091
Tan Patches 090
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