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  • Temperament: Friendly, Alert, Quick
  • AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks of 193
  • Height: Dogs 16", Females 15"
  • Weight: 20 - 30 lbs
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Group: Sporting Group

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

Nederlandse Kooikerhondje head facing forward outdoors in sunlight
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje lying down facing left, head in three-quarter view
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Puppy

Find a Puppy: Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

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GENERAL APPEARNCE

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje is a harmoniously built orange-red parti-colored small sporting dog of almost square body proportions. He moves with his head held high; in action, the well-feathered waving tail is carried level with, or above the topline. The ears may have black hair at the tips, the so-called earrings. The dog is presented with a natural, untrimmed coat. Visible scissoring or grooming, except for neatening the feet, is to be severely penalized.

HEAD

The head is of moderate length, fitting in with the general appearance, clean- cut, with flowing lines. Eyes – Almond-shaped, dark brown with a friendly, alert expression. Ears – Medium size, set above eye level but always lower than the top of the skull. The ears are carried close to the cheeks without a fold. Ear leather should easily reach the inner corner of the eye. Well feathered. Black hair tips (“earrings”) are highly desirable. Skull – Sufficiently broad, moderately rounded. Stop – Seen in profile clearly visible but not too deep. Muzzle – Should be a blunt wedge seen from above or in profile, not too deep, nor tapering too much. Well filled under the eye, creating a smooth transition from muzzle to skull. Planes (Muzzle & Skull) – Straight muzzle, almost parallel planes. Nose – Black and well developed. Lips – Preferably well pigmented, close fitting and not pendulous. Bite – Scissors bite. Complete dentition preferable. Level bite acceptable, but less desirable.

BODY

Neck – Medium length to balance body, clean-cut and strongly muscled. Topline – Smooth level line from the withers to hipbones with a slightly rounded croup. Chest – Reaching to the elbows with moderate spring of ribs. Underline – Slight tuck-up towards the loin. Back – Strong and straight, rather short. Loin – Short and broad, strongly muscled.

TAIL

Set on so as to follow the topline of the body. Well-feathered with a white plume. The last vertebra should reach the hock joint. When gaiting, carried level with the topline, with an upward curve or almost straight up. Not curling with a ring or circling over the back. When standing, the tail may be held downward.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders – Shoulder moderately angled in order to create a flowing line from neck to back. Upper Arm – Moderately angled to match layback of shoulder blade, which is of equal length. Forechest I Prosternum – Point of forechest should be slightly protruding beyond the point of the shoulder. Elbow – Close to the body. Legs – Straight and parallel, strong bone of sufficient density and length. Pastertics – Strong and slightly oblique. Forefeet – Small, slightly oval, compact, toes pointing forward.

COAT

Hair – Of medium length, close lying. May be slightly wavy or straight, but never curly or open. Soft, but with enough texture to be weather resistant. Functional undercoat. Front legs should have moderate feathering reaching to the pastern joints. Hind legs should have fairly long feathered breeches. No feathering below the hock joints. The coat on the head, the front part of the legs and the feet should be short. Sufficiently feathered on the underside of the tail. Longer hair on throat and forechest. Earrings (long feathered black hair tips) are highly desirable.

HINDQUARTERS

Angulation – Moderately angulated, to match forequarters. Seen from the rear, straight and parallel. Legs – Strong bone. Upper Thigh – well muscled. Second Thigh – length equal to upper thigh. Hock Joint – well let down. Hind Feet – Small, oval, compact, toes pointing forward.

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Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

About the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

The Kooikerhondje (Koi-ker-hond-yuh)—the “little white and orange dog with a big heart”—is a sporty, eye-catching fellow with a silky all-weather coat of white with red patches. They are instantly recognizable thanks to their large, black-tipped ears and the richly feathered tail they wag proudly. The breed has the sturdy bone structure expected of a serious hunter, but the overall picture is that of a harmoniously built dog of smooth, flowing contours and springy gait.

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Club of the United States has served as the AKC Parent Club to represent the Kooikerhondje since April 2014.

 

 

 

National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Puppy

Find a Puppy: Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC.
Find Nederlandse Kooikerhondje Puppies

Care

NUTRITION

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

 

GROOMING

Beyond regular weekly grooming, the occasional bath will keep the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje clean and looking his best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog. The strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Specialty/Professional
Weekly Brushing

Shedding

Infrequent
Frequent
Seasonal

EXERCISE

A clever, lively, cheerful, devoted, sweet companion in the home and an athletic, driven, eager, busy explorer outdoors.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity
Regular Exercise

TRAINING

The Kooikerhondje is a cheerful, intelligent and lively but not hyper companion. The nature of the historic work for this small sporting breed means that they have prey drive and energy along with the sensitive character of a spaniel. They can be very determined, and are best trained with a firm attitude and gentle methods. The cheerful personality, athletic build, intelligence, and eager-to-please attitude makes the Kooikerhondje a highly trainable dog.  However, their drive and determination means that they do need that gentle training to fulfill their promise as charming household pets and sporting companions.

Trainability

May be Stubborn
Eager to Please
Eager to Please

Temperament/Demeanor

Aloof/Wary
Outgoing
Reserved with Strangers

HEALTH

The Kooikerhondje is a relatively healthy breed living a long life.  Originating from a very limited founding population, the Kooikerhondje is susceptible to various hereditary conditions. Utilization of proper breeding practices to reduce the coefficients of inbreeding is recommended to promote genetic diversity within the limited gene pool.  Knowledge of genetic lines of disease within the breed combined with good breeding practices reduces serious illnesses within the Kooikerhondje.

Even with applicant of good breeding practices, the Kooikerhondje can suffer from a variety of canine diseases.

Current health concerns in regards to the breed include the following:  1. Polymyositis (PMN) 2. Renal disorders 3. Epilepsy

Recommended Health Test From Parent Club

  • Blood test for Von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD) for carrier status – submitted to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
  • Blood test for Hereditary Necrotizing Myelopathy (ENM) for carrier status -submitted to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA
  • Eye examination – certified through the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
  • Patella examination – certified through the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
  • Hip x-rays – certified through the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

History

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje is a very old breed, appearing in paintings by the Dutch masters back into the late Middle Ages.  The breed was used in the “Eendenkooi” the manmade duck-trapping pond systems, beginning prior to the invention of gunpowder.  These “Duck Decoys” – as they were called in English – are not to be confused with carved wooden faux ducks, but were instead hand-dug ponds ranging from 3 to 10 acres in size.  The breed was also associated with the founder of the Dutch Monarchy, Prince William of Oranje, whose “Kooiker” Kuntz was credited with saving the Prince’s life when assassins sought to kill him.

The breed began to diminish after the First World War as better fowling guns meant hunters could shoot ducks more readily.  The Duck Decoys were not as profitable, the effort to maintain them less desirable and with their disappearance so too came the decline of the little orange-red and white dog used to lure the ducks.

In late 1939, as part of her silent resistance to the occupation of the Netherlands, the Baronesse von Hardenbroek van Ammerstol set out to preserve the breed.  She sent peddlers who stopped at her estate off with a black and white photograph of the breed and a snippet of fur.  When the peddler spotted a dog that seemed to match the Baronesse’s requirements, she then took to her own bicycle to visit the dog.  In this way she found Tommy, a bitch from the farthest north  province in the Netherlands who became the foundation.  The Baronesse bred 52 litters under the name Walhalla from 1942 to 1976.  The Dutch parent club was organized in 1967, and the breed was officially recognized by the Raad van Beheer (the Dutch equivalent of AKC) in 1971.

Did You Know?

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje is believed to be an ancestor of the Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever.
The Dutch keep a breeding registry to record all litters born starting in 1942. This also includes health information.
The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje appeared on a Dutch cigarette card in the 1950s.
The first recorded litter born in the United States was in 1999.
The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje had been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service program since 2004.
The AKC officially recognized the Nederlandse Kooikerhondje in 2018.
Nederlandse Kooikerhondje are being used for search and rescue and as service dogs.
This is the only sporting dog that works in front of the game.

The Breed Standard

GENERAL APPEARNCE

The Nederlandse Kooikerhondje is a harmoniously built orange-red parti-colored small sporting dog of almost square body proportions. He moves with his head held high; in action, the well-feathered waving tail is carried level with, or above the topline. The ears may have black hair at the tips, the so-called earrings. The dog is presented with a natural, untrimmed coat. Visible scissoring or grooming, except for neatening the feet, is to be severely penalized.

HEAD

The head is of moderate length, fitting in with the general appearance, clean- cut, with flowing lines. Eyes – Almond-shaped, dark brown with a friendly, alert expression. Ears – Medium size, set above eye level but always lower than the top of the skull. The ears are carried close to the cheeks without a fold. Ear leather should easily reach the inner corner of the eye. Well feathered. Black hair tips (“earrings”) are highly desirable. Skull – Sufficiently broad, moderately rounded. Stop – Seen in profile clearly visible but not too deep. Muzzle – Should be a blunt wedge seen from above or in profile, not too deep, nor tapering too much. Well filled under the eye, creating a smooth transition from muzzle to skull. Planes (Muzzle & Skull) – Straight muzzle, almost parallel planes. Nose – Black and well developed. Lips – Preferably well pigmented, close fitting and not pendulous. Bite – Scissors bite. Complete dentition preferable. Level bite acceptable, but less desirable.

BODY

Neck – Medium length to balance body, clean-cut and strongly muscled. Topline – Smooth level line from the withers to hipbones with a slightly rounded croup. Chest – Reaching to the elbows with moderate spring of ribs. Underline – Slight tuck-up towards the loin. Back – Strong and straight, rather short. Loin – Short and broad, strongly muscled.

TAIL

Set on so as to follow the topline of the body. Well-feathered with a white plume. The last vertebra should reach the hock joint. When gaiting, carried level with the topline, with an upward curve or almost straight up. Not curling with a ring or circling over the back. When standing, the tail may be held downward.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders – Shoulder moderately angled in order to create a flowing line from neck to back. Upper Arm – Moderately angled to match layback of shoulder blade, which is of equal length. Forechest I Prosternum – Point of forechest should be slightly protruding beyond the point of the shoulder. Elbow – Close to the body. Legs – Straight and parallel, strong bone of sufficient density and length. Pastertics – Strong and slightly oblique. Forefeet – Small, slightly oval, compact, toes pointing forward.

COAT

Hair – Of medium length, close lying. May be slightly wavy or straight, but never curly or open. Soft, but with enough texture to be weather resistant. Functional undercoat. Front legs should have moderate feathering reaching to the pastern joints. Hind legs should have fairly long feathered breeches. No feathering below the hock joints. The coat on the head, the front part of the legs and the feet should be short. Sufficiently feathered on the underside of the tail. Longer hair on throat and forechest. Earrings (long feathered black hair tips) are highly desirable.

HINDQUARTERS

Angulation – Moderately angulated, to match forequarters. Seen from the rear, straight and parallel. Legs – Strong bone. Upper Thigh – well muscled. Second Thigh – length equal to upper thigh. Hock Joint – well let down. Hind Feet – Small, oval, compact, toes pointing forward.

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Colors & Markings

Colors

Description Standard Colors Registration Code
White & Red Check Mark For Standard Color 214

Markings

Description Standard Markings Registration Code
Black Tips Check Mark For Standard Mark 053
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