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  • Temperament: Fearless, Fun-Loving, Proud
  • AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 68 of 192
  • Height: 10-12.5 inches
  • Weight: 8-10 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-16 years
  • Group: Toy Group

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

Miniature Pinscher standing facing left
Miniature Pinscher standing in three-quarter view
Miniature Pinscher head and shoulders facing left
Miniature Pinscher coat detail
Miniature Pinscher

Find a Puppy: Miniature Pinscher

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GENERAL APPEARANCE

The Miniature Pinscher is structurally a well balanced, sturdy, compact, short-coupled, smooth-coated dog. He naturally is well groomed, proud, vigorous and alert. Characteristic traits are his hackney-like action, fearless animation, complete self-possession, and his spirited presence.

HEAD

In correct proportion to the body. Tapering, narrow with well fitted but not too prominent foreface which balances with the skull. No indication of coarseness. Eyes full, slightly oval, clear, bright and dark even to a true black, including eye rims, with the exception of chocolates, whose eye rims should be self-colored. Ears set high, standing erect from base to tip. May be cropped or uncropped.

BODY

Neck proportioned to head and body, slightly arched, gracefully curved, blending into shoulders, muscular and free from suggestion of dewlap or throatiness. ToplineBack level or slightly sloping toward the rear both when standing and gaiting. Body compact, slightly wedge-shaped, muscular. Forechest well developed. Well-sprung ribs . Depth of brisket, the base line of which is level with points of the elbows. Belly moderately tucked up to denote grace of structural form. Short and strong in loin. Croup level with topline. Tail set high, held erect, docked in proportion to size of dog.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders clean and sloping with moderate angulation coordinated to permit the hackney-like action. Elbows close to the body. Legs -Strong bone development and small clean joints. As viewed from the front, straight and upstanding. Pasterns strong, perpendicular. Dewclaws should be removed. Feet small, catlike, toes strong, well arched and closely knit with deep pads. Nails thick, blunt.

COAT

Smooth, hard and short, straight and lustrous, closely adhering to and uniformly covering the body.

HINDQUARTERS

Well muscled quarters set wide enough apart to fit into a properly balanced body. As viewed from the rear, the legs are straight and parallel. From the side, well angulated. Thighs well muscled. Stifles well defined. Hocks short, set well apart. Dewclaws should be removed. Feet small, catlike, toes strong, well arched and closely knit with deep pads. Nails thick, blunt.

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About the Miniature Pinscher

Min Pins are sturdy, compact dogs standing no more than 12.5 inches at the shoulder. The smooth, shiny coat comes in two shades of solid red, or chocolate-and-rust or black-and-rust. The dark, slightly oval eyes and high-set ears help bring out a self-possessed, “big dog” personality. A distinguishing characteristic is the Min Pin’s high-stepping “hackney” gait, reminiscent of a hackney horse at the trot.

National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
Miniature Pinscher

Find a Puppy: Miniature Pinscher

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC.
Find Miniature Pinscher Puppies

Care

NUTRITION

The Miniature Pinscher should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

GROOMING

The Miniature Pinscher’s short, hard coat is very easily maintained. A weekly once-over with a soft brush or a hound glove will keep him shining. With a new puppy, spending time together in grooming sessions helps to accustom him or her to being worked with and is an opportunity to develop the bond between you. The nails should be trimmed regularly, as overly long nails can cause the dog discomfort.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Specialty/Professional
Occasional Bath/Brush

EXERCISE

The Miniature Pinscher is very active and athletic, and requires ample exercise. A couple of good walks with his human every day will help ensure his optimum mental and physical health. He can enjoy relaxing on the sofa with his owner but will be equally eager to go outside and chase a few tennis balls or run around and play.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity
Regular Exercise

TRAINING

Miniature Pinschers are very smart and love their families, but they can also be independent and may try to test their owner’s limits, so obedience training is a good idea. Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended and help to ensure that the dog grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered companion.

Trainability

May be Stubborn
Eager to Please
Independent

Temperament/Demeanor

Aloof/Wary
Outgoing
Alert/Responsive

HEALTH

Miniature Pinschers are generally healthy dogs and responsible breeders test their stock for health conditions  such as patellar luxation, cervical (dry) disc, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, epilepsy, thyroid, heart defects, and eye problems. The MInPin’s teeth should be brushed often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help to ensure your dog has a long, healthy life.

Recommended Health Test from the National Breed Club:

  • Patella Evaluation

Read the Official Breed Club Health Statement.

Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Pinscher

History

​Experts say Min Pins go back several centuries, but the exact point of origin remains murky. Breed historians accept the idea that Min Pins are a cross of the Dachshund and Italian Greyhound. The German Pinscher is another possible component breed. (Because their names and physical contours are similar, it’s often mistakenly assumed that Min Pins are mini Doberman Pinschers.) Min Pins routinely reside at or near the top of rankings of Europe’s favorite toy dogs. Americans are awfully fond of them too.

Did You Know?

The Miniature Pinscher is native to Germany.
The Miniature Pinscher is valuable as a watchdog, despite its diminutive size.
The "Min Pin," as it is called among fanciers, is noted for its intelligence and pep.
There were few of the breed in America prior to 1928, the impetus to breed advancement dating from 1929 when the Miniature Pinscher Cub of America, Inc. was formed.
Real development of the Miniature Pinscher breed abroad began in 1895 when Germany’s Pinscher Klub was formed and gave the breed its initial standard.
The Miniature Pinscher has been bred extensively in Scandinavia in addition to Germany.

The Breed Standard

GENERAL APPEARANCE

The Miniature Pinscher is structurally a well balanced, sturdy, compact, short-coupled, smooth-coated dog. He naturally is well groomed, proud, vigorous and alert. Characteristic traits are his hackney-like action, fearless animation, complete self-possession, and his spirited presence.

HEAD

In correct proportion to the body. Tapering, narrow with well fitted but not too prominent foreface which balances with the skull. No indication of coarseness. Eyes full, slightly oval, clear, bright and dark even to a true black, including eye rims, with the exception of chocolates, whose eye rims should be self-colored. Ears set high, standing erect from base to tip. May be cropped or uncropped.

BODY

Neck proportioned to head and body, slightly arched, gracefully curved, blending into shoulders, muscular and free from suggestion of dewlap or throatiness. ToplineBack level or slightly sloping toward the rear both when standing and gaiting. Body compact, slightly wedge-shaped, muscular. Forechest well developed. Well-sprung ribs . Depth of brisket, the base line of which is level with points of the elbows. Belly moderately tucked up to denote grace of structural form. Short and strong in loin. Croup level with topline. Tail set high, held erect, docked in proportion to size of dog.

FOREQUARTERS

Shoulders clean and sloping with moderate angulation coordinated to permit the hackney-like action. Elbows close to the body. Legs -Strong bone development and small clean joints. As viewed from the front, straight and upstanding. Pasterns strong, perpendicular. Dewclaws should be removed. Feet small, catlike, toes strong, well arched and closely knit with deep pads. Nails thick, blunt.

COAT

Smooth, hard and short, straight and lustrous, closely adhering to and uniformly covering the body.

HINDQUARTERS

Well muscled quarters set wide enough apart to fit into a properly balanced body. As viewed from the rear, the legs are straight and parallel. From the side, well angulated. Thighs well muscled. Stifles well defined. Hocks short, set well apart. Dewclaws should be removed. Feet small, catlike, toes strong, well arched and closely knit with deep pads. Nails thick, blunt.

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Colors & Markings

Colors

Description Standard Colors Registration Code
Black & Rust Check Mark For Standard Color 015
Black & Tan Check Mark For Standard Color 018
Chocolate & Rust Check Mark For Standard Color 233
Chocolate & Tan Check Mark For Standard Color 072
Red Check Mark For Standard Color 140
Stag Red Check Mark For Standard Color 193
Blue & Rust 042
Blue & Tan 044
Blue Stag Red 521
Chocolate Stag Red 522
Fawn & Rust 085
Fawn (Isabella) & Tan 317
Fawn (Isabella) Stag Red 523

Markings

Description Standard Markings Registration Code
Self-Colored Nose 443
White Markings 014
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