The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.
The Biewer Terrier, pronounced Beaver like the little dam building animals, is a dedicated, loyal family member and a friend to all they meet. It is not uncommon to be met with a smile from this happy-go-lucky dog. Although not a constant barker, they will alert you to company. With a larger than life personality, their lighthearted, childlike whimsical attitude will keep you entertained for hours. In spite of their small stature they are hearty and athletic, able to keep up with the best of them on long walks, hikes or competing in the agility ring.
The Biewer Terrier may have a sensitive GI system and should be fed a low-protein, well-balanced diet. Kibble is recommended as canned food increases plaque build-up. If you notice your dog chewing on his feet and scratching a lot, change his food to a lamb or fish base. For the most part, you can free feed your Biewer, but if you notice weight gain, pick up that food and feed them 2 to 3 times per day. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
The Biewer Terrier has a long coat that requires daily brushing. There is minimal matting with the silkier coat, but the soft coats may get some mats. If you choose to keep your Biewer in a short coat, minimal grooming is needed. Good-quality products are recommended to keep the coat in its soft, silky condition.
Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your dog. Beyond regular brushing, the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best, again using good quality products. Their nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
The Biewer Terrier is a rather mellow, easy-going dog. Their playful attitudes provide them with a natural means of self-exercising, along with the time spent playing with their human families. Indoor activities could include hide-and-seek, chasing a ball rolled along the floor, or teaching them new tricks. Biewers are also excellent on walks, quite agile and love to go on outings. If you live in an apartment, even short walks in the hallways can give your dog some exercise, especially during inclement weather.
The Biewer’s dedication and loyalty make them the perfect family pet. Having a fun-loving, childlike attitude makes them a great companion for people of all ages and able to make friends with animals of any origin. Being extremely intelligent, they are easy to train, although potty training may take a little longer.
Like all breeds, there may be some health issues. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Biewer Terriers are healthy dogs. Sensitive GI systems are common in the Biewer Terrier, so they may have an occasional soft or discolored stool. Although not life-threatening, if your dog has persistent problems with diarrhea or discolored stools, you should take him/her to the vet immediately.
Recommended Health Test From Parent Club:
The Biewer Terrier is a relatively healthy dog, with no known excessive issues. That being said, we recommend the following tests for dogs before breeding.
The heritage of the Biewer Terrier has been an interesting and much discussed topic over the years. It started with Mr. and Mrs. Biewer, who instead of having children, bred, raised, sold, and showed Yorkshire Terriers. They had a very large and successful breeding program throughout the 1970s and into the ’80s. By 1981, their enthusiasm for showing the standard Yorkshire Terriers tapered off.
The first documented black, white and tan puppy born was Schneeflockchen von Friedheck on January 20, 1984. Three months later, another black, white and tan puppy was born named Schneeman. These puppies were unique and rare, as they possessed the recessive piebald gene, a gene not usually found in Yorkies. During a visit one day, their vet and friend, Dr. Bardeleben, suggested they name the dogs after Mrs. Biewer. They chuckled as they contemplated the name, “Gertrud Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.” After much consideration, they found the “Biewer Yorkshire Terrier” to be a more suitable name. Documentation shows that both of these puppies were sold to the famous German singer, Margot Eskens, who suggested adding “a la Pom Pon” to their name. The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la Pom Pon made its actual public debut in 1986.
The demand was hard to meet for these exclusive dogs, as the Biewer family did not produce many Biewer-type dogs and they were very selective where their dogs were placed. Many breeders tried to replicate the “Biewer Dog” by mixing other breeds together. It wasn’t long before Mr. Biewer became ill and was unable to help Mrs. Biewer carry on the dream they had set out to accomplish for the Biewer breed. Sadly, Mrs. Biewer soon phased out their breeding program in order to better care for her husband during his illness.
The Biewer Terrier was introduced into mainstream America in 2003, at which time there were only a handful of breeders, both in Germany and the US alike. Noticing the development story of the Biewer did not match the dogs coming in from Germany, Myrna Torres and Gayle Pruett, now the BTCA president and director, respectively, contacted Mars Veterinary to see if they could help them determine if the Biewer was a Yorkshire Terrier or a purebred due to the introduction of other breeds. Mars Veterinary accepted the challenge and so began the process proving the Biewer Terrier a purebred dog and establishing it as such.
This is the first time in the history of dog breeding that a dog has been proven to be a purebred using the tools science has to offer. The Biewer Terrier was now established as a purebred dog through the collection of genetic data rather than through pedigree documentation as is customary.
The Biewer Terrier is an elegant, longhaired, uniquely colored toy terrier with a breed signature ponytail. The coat parts down the middle, hanging straight and evenly on both sides of the body as though a comb has been used to part it. The back is level, with height at shoulders being equal to height at the croup. Although the outline of the dog gives the appearance of a square, the body length is slightly longer than the overall height. The tail is set high and carried well arched over the body, covered with a long luxurious plume. The Biewer Terrier has a lighthearted whimsical, childlike attitude. Although mischievous at times, they are obedient and make a loyal companion.
Size, Proportion, Substance: Size- Height at the shoulders is the same as the height at the croup, measuring 7 to 11 inches, with weight being 4 to 8 lbs. Proportion- Length of body from prosternum to ischium is longer than over all height, making the dog off square although square is acceptable. Substance- Body is fine to medium boned with a level top line.
Serious Fault- Over 8 lbs.
Head: Expression- Is more human than that of a dog, being bright and intelligent.
Eyes- Are medium sized and may be round or almond shaped with a crisp, clear countenance. Iris- as dark as possible.
Ears- Are small, upright, V shaped, moderately wide set and covered with hair except the tips being shaved. They are set to the back of the skull and the base is level with the eyes.
Skull- Slightly rounded.
Muzzle- One-third the length of the head. Eye rims, Nose, and Lips – Completely black.
Bite- Level or scissor bite. Teeth- Straight and even.
Serious Fault- Incomplete pigment on the eye rims, nose, and lip; Ears not standing erect.
Disqualification- Blue eye(s).
Neck, Topline and Body: Neck-Moderate in length, free from throatiness.
Body- length is slightly longer than the overall height, although square is acceptable.
Chest- Comes to the elbows with a good width.
Ribs- Moderately sprung.
Underline- Slightly tucked up.
Back- Level topline.
Loin- Well developed and strong.
Tail- Set high, when in movement carried well arched over the body in a graceful sickle curve, covered with a long luxurious plume. Plume lies to either side of the body. Length of tailbone must go to the stifles or longer. When reposed, the tail may be relaxed. A Kink in the tail is not to be faulted.
Serious Faults- Roach or rounded back; high in the front or rear.
Forequarters: Forelegs should be straight, elbows neither in nor out. Angulation- Moderate. Shoulders are nicely laid back to allow for good reach and freedom of movement. Elbows-set close to the body. Legs- Straight when viewed from the front are muscular and covered with hair. Pasterns- Up and straight. Dewclaws- May be removed but not required. Feet- Round. Toes- Well arched covered with hair which may be trimmed not to impede movement or trimmed to show the shape of the foot. Pads- Black and/or flesh. Nails- Black and/or white.
Hindquarters: In balance with the forequarters. Angulation- Rear to match front. Legs- Hind legs are straight when viewed from behind, muscular and covered with hair. Stifle- Slightly bent when viewed from the side. Hocks- Straight when viewed from behind, pointing neither in nor out. Dewclaws- May be removed but not required. Feet- Round. Toes- Well arched covered with hair which may be trimmed not to impede movement or trimmed to show the shape of the foot. Pads- Black and/or flesh. Nails- Black and/or white.
Coat: Long and flowing with a soft silky texture. Hair is straight without an undercoat, hanging close to the ground if not touching. Coat maybe trimmed to floor length for ease of movement. Head fall is tied up into a single ponytail on top of the head, hanging loose. Puppy ponytails may be placed a little lower on the head as to gather the short hairs. A bow is used for adornment; no topknots or rollovers. Feet are trimmed for a neat, clean appearance. Trim around anus. Head falls that have been altered by teasing, curling, topknots, or roll over’s shall be so Severely Penalized as to be eliminated from competition.
Color: The Biewer Terrier is a uniquely colored toy terrier. Head Coloring- Blue/Black, Gold/Tan and White in good symmetry. Any combination of the following two colors, (Blue/Black and Gold/ Tan); (Gold/ Tan and White) in good symmetry is acceptable. Body Coloring- Hair on back is blue/black and white. Amounts of each color are of personal preference with no dominating patterns. A small amount of tan hair may be found around the anus. Chest, Stomach, Legs and Tip of the Tail- White. The white from the chest should come up the neck to cover the chin. Legs are to be white from the elbows and stifles to the feet.
Serious Fault – Any other color than those that are listed.
|Description||Standard Colors||Registration Code|
|Black Tan & White||Check Mark For Standard Color||030|
|Blue Tan & White||Check Mark For Standard Color||291|
|Chocolate Tan & White||270|