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  • Temperament: Loyal, Versatile, Reserved with Strangers
  • Height: 17-20.5 inches
  • Weight: 37-66 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Group: Foundation Stock Service

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

FCI Standard
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound standing facing left, head turned forward.
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound

About the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound

Hailing from Germany, the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is the Bayerischer Gebirgsschweisshund in its native German. The breed’s most notable trait is its outstanding “cold nose” tracking ability. His nose is so acute, he can distinguish between the injured game he is hunting and other animals of the same species. This somewhat lightweight, active, medium-sized breed is devoted to his owner, but can be reserved with strangers. He is not a kennel dog and prefers to be around his human family.

National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
Close-up of a Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound puppy lying outdoors.

Find a Puppy: Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound

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Care

NUTRITION

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

GROOMING

The Bavarian requires regular brushing. His coat is dense, close fitting and harsh, with little gloss, and is finer on the head and ears, and harsher and longer on the belly, legs and tail. The breed’s strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris, which can result in infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Specialty/Professional
Weekly Brushing

Shedding

Infrequent
Frequent
Regularly

EXERCISE

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds are not suited for city life. They are in regular need of space and exercise. They are also not dogs for the casual hunter. Most are owned and used by foresters and game wardens. If not placed in a working home, the Bavarian will need an abundant amount of physical and mental stimulation to satisfy his high hunting instinct. He is not a kennel dog, but can be trained to sleep and eat there. Space to run and play in an area with a high fence is important, as they have been known to climb fences and dig holes when bored.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity
Regular Exercise

TRAINING

Bavarians are social, intelligent dogs, and, much like other breeds, if not kept mentally stimulated they will become bored, unhappy and destructive. Continued proper training, conditioning and patience are required. During training, they do best with positive reinforcement, never punishment.

Trainability

May be Stubborn
Eager to Please
Agreeable

Temperament/Demeanor

Aloof/Wary
Outgoing
Reserved with Strangers

HEALTH

Bavarians are a generally very healthy breed. Responsible breeders screen their stock for health concerns such as hip dysplasia and epilepsy. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound sitting outdoors.
German hound sniffing the ground.
Drawing of a Liam hound sniffing the ground.
Karg von Bebenburg portrait
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
German hounds painting from 1902.

History

The German Bracken were the original hunting dogs, having “the finest nose” and a strongly developed will to follow scents and trails, but only the most reliable and perseverant Bracken were put on leash to find the lost trail of hunted game. From these particular Bracken, all Liam Hounds (Leithunde) and Leashhounds (Schweisshunde) were bred, including the Bayerischer Gebirgsschweisshund (Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound).

Toward the end of the Eighteenth Century and beginning of the Nineteenth, the Hanoverian Scenthound had evolved and was the breed of choice by hunters in lower elevations. After the Revolution of 1848 and the advancements in hunting and firearms, a dog was needed for “after the shot” to track down injured game in the more mountainous regions. The heavy Hanoverian Scenthound was not suitable for the task. To fill this need of a lighter, more agile hound, in the 1870s, Baron Karg-Bebenburg, Reichenhall, crossed a Hanoverian Scenthound with a red Mountain Scenthound to achieve what became the Bavarian Mountain Scenthound. In 1912, the Club for Bavarian Mountain Scenthounds was established in Munich, Germany and is the only recognized club for the breed in that country.

Today, these dogs are the quintessential hunting companion for professional hunters and gamekeepers. Though still rare, there is growing interest in this breed, with clubs in multiple countries including Great Britain and the United States, as well as Germany.

Did You Know?

The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has been assigned the Hound Group designation.
The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since October 2016.
The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound is a specialist in wounded game tracking.

The Breed Standard

GENERAL APPEARANCE

An altogether balanced, somewhat light, very mobile and muscular, medium size dog. The body is slightly longer than high, slightly higher at rear, standing on not too long legs. Head carried level or slightly upwards, tail level or slanting downwards.

HEAD

Skull: Relatively broad, slightly arched. Clear rise to forehead. Superciliary arches well developed; occiput not pronounced. Stop: Well defined. Nose: Of good size, not too broad. Nostrils well opened. Black or dark red. Muzzle: Somewhat off-set from the eyes, of equal length or slightly shorter than skull, sufficiently broad, never pointed. Nasal bridge slightly convex or straight. Lips/Flews: Pendulous, medium thickness. Corner of lips clearly visible. Jaws/Teeth: Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite in which the upper incisors overlap the lower incisors without any gap and with the teeth set vertical to the jaw. 42 healthy teeth, according to tooth formula. Pincer bite permitted. Cheeks: Only moderately pronounced. Eyes: Clear, alert expression. Not too large or too round. Dark brown or slightly lighter. Well fitting, pigmented lids. Ears: Somewhat over medium length but at most reaching to nose. Heavy, set on high and broad, rounded at tips. Hanging close to head without any twist.

BODY

Neck: Of medium length, strong. Skin somewhat looser on throat. Topline: Slight rise from withers to hindquarters. Withers: Barely defined, flowing transition from neck to back. Back: Strong and supple. Croup: Long and fairly level (drooping by 20 – 30 degrees is seen to be ideal). Loins: Relatively short, broad, very well muscled. Chest: Moderately broad, well developed forechest, oval ribcage, deep and long, with ribs reaching far back. Chest reaching down to elbow joint. Underline and Belly: Gradually rising towards rear. Belly slightly tucked up. Tail: Medium length, reaching, at most, to hocks. Set on high, carried horizontal or slightly slanting downwards.

FOREQUARTERS

Legs seen from the front, straight and parallel; seen from the side, standing well under the body. Good angulations. Shoulder: Well slanting, laid back shoulder blade. Strongly muscled. Upper arm: Long, with good and lean muscles. Scapulo-humeral angulation 90 – 100 degrees. Elbows: Close fitting to body, turning neither in nor out. Forearm: Lean, vertical and straight. Strong bone, very well muscled. Pastern joint: Strong. Pastern: Slightly oblique. Front feet: Spoon shaped with well arched, tight toes as well as sufficiently cushioned, coarse, resistant and well pigmented pads. Feet move parallel; in stance and movement turning neither in nor out. Nails black or dark brown to brown.

COAT

Hair: Dense, close fitting, moderately harsh with little gloss. Finer on head and leathers, harsher and longer on belly, legs and tail. Color: Deep red, deer red, reddish brown, tan, also clear fawn to biscuit color, reddish grey as the winter coat of a deer, also brindled or interspersed with black hairs. The basic color on the back is generally more intense, muzzle and leathers dark. Tail, mostly, interspersed with dark hair. Small light-colored patch on chest (“Bracken Star”) permitted.

HINDQUARTERS

Strong bone. Seen from rear, straight and parallel. Good angulations. Upper thigh: Broad and very muscular. Stifle: Strong (stifle angulation 100 – 110 degrees) Lower thigh: Relatively long, muscular and sinewy. Hock joint: Strong. Rear pastern: Short, standing vertical. Hind feet: Spoon shaped, with well arched, tight toes as well as sufficiently cushioned, coarse resistant and well pigmented pads. Feet move parallel; in stance and movement turning neither in nor out. Nails black or dark brown to brown.

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Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound illustration.Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound illustration.

Colors & Markings

Colors

Description Standard Colors Registration Code
Brindle Check Mark For Standard Color 057
Fawn Check Mark For Standard Color 082
Red Check Mark For Standard Color 140
Reddish Brown Check Mark For Standard Color 159
Tan Check Mark For Standard Color 195

Markings

Description Standard Markings Registration Code
Black Mask Check Mark For Standard Mark 004
White Markings Check Mark For Standard Mark 014
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