St. Bernard

Not ranked particularly high in AKC registrations, this genial giant is nonetheless among the world’s most famous and beloved breeds. The Saint Bernard's written standard abounds with phrases like “very powerful,” “extraordinarily muscular,” “imposing,” and “massive.” A male stands a minimum 27.5 inches at the shoulder; females will be smaller and more delicately built. The huge head features a wrinkled brow, a short muzzle, and dark eyes, combining to give Saints the intelligent, friendly expression that was such a welcome sight to stranded Alpine travelers.


  • Personality: Friendly, patient, outgoing; known as a great “nanny dog” for kids
  • Energy Level: Not Very Active; A mature Saint will be content with long walks and a romp on the lawn
  • Good with Children: Yes
  • Good with other Dogs: With Supervision
  • Shedding: Seasonal
  • Grooming: Occasional
  • Trainability: Responds Well
  • Height: 28-30 inches (males), 26-28 inches (female)
  • Weight: 140-180 pounds (male), 120-140 pounds (female)
  • Life Expectancy: 8-10 years
  • Barking Level: Barks When Necessary

meet theSt. Bernard

Did you know?

Prior to 1830, all Saint Bernards were short-haired.


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at aGlance

theBreed Standard

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  • General Appearance

    Powerful, proportionately tall figure, strong and muscular in every part, with powerful head and most intelligent expression. In dogs with a dark mask the expression appears more stern, but never ill-natured.

  • Head

    Like the whole body, very powerful and imposing. Nose (Schwamm) - Very substantial, broad, with wide open nostrils, and, like the lips, always black.Ears - Of medium size, rather high set, with very strongly developed burr (Muschel) at the base. They stand slightly away from the head at the base, then drop with a sharp bend to the side and cling to the head without a turn. The flap is tender and forms a rounded triangle, slightly elongated toward the point, the front edge lying firmly to the head, whereas the back edge may stand somewhat away from the head, especially when the dog is at attention. Lightly set ears, which at the base immediately cling to the head, give it an oval and too little marked exterior, whereas a strongly developed base gives the skull a squarer, broader and much more expressive appearance.

  • Body

    Neck: Set high, very strong and when alert or at attention is carried erect. Otherwise horizontally or slightly downward. The junction of head and neck is distinctly marked by an indentation. The nape of the neck is very muscular and rounded at the sides which makes the neck appear rather short. The dewlap of throat and neck is well pronounced: too strong development, however, is not desirable. Shoulders: Sloping and broad, very muscular and powerful. The withers are strongly pronounced.

  • Coat

    Very dense, short-haired (stockhaarig), lying smooth, tough, without however feeling rough to the touch. The thighs are slightly bushy. The tail at the root has longer and denser hair which gradually becomes shorter toward the tip. The tail appears bushy, not forming a flag.

  • Hindquarters

    Well-developed. Legs very muscular

 

 

 

 

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