The Pomeranian’s thick, fluffy double coat should be brushed twice a week to keep it camera-ready.
Pomeranians are very intelligent dogs that love to please. Because of their outgoing temperaments, they can be very good family dogs with the right training. Due to their small size they don't require much exercise, but are an energetic breed that needs attention from their people frequently. They possess a thick double coat, which needs to be brushed on a regular basis.
Depending on the size of your dog as an adult you are going to want to feed them a formula that will cater to their unique digestive needs through the various phases of their life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds. The Pomeranian is a small breed and has a lifespan of 14 to 16 years.
What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
Beyond regular weekly grooming, an occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
Because of their outgoing temperaments, they can be very good family dogs with the right training. Due to their small size they don't require much exercise, but are an energetic breed that needs attention from their people frequently. Since these dogs are so small, their exercise needs are easily satisfied. Dashing around the apartment, a moderate afternoon walk, or laps around the fenced perimeter of the yard provides adequate exercise for these darlings.
Like all breeds there may be some health issues. As with other toy dogs, Pomeranians can be prone to trouble with the knees in their hind legs (patella luxation). Try to avoid this and possible broken legs by discouraging their jumping from extraordinary heights. For Poms, this can mean jumping off the couch. Understanding the toy dog physical limitations and psychology will be essential to your successful house training. Be sure to discuss this with your breeder or trainer.
This breed is also noted to have alopecia (abnormal hair loss) with unknown cause. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Pomeranians are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Pomeranian can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.