English Toy Spaniel

The English Toy Spaniel is a square, snub-nosed toy weighing no more than 14 pounds. The large, domed head—with its long and lush ears, dark melting eyes, and chubby cheeks (described by fans as “well-cushioned”)— is a famous breed trait. Another is a coat that comes in four varieties, each with its own proper name: red and white (Blenheim); black and tan (King Charles); white, black, and tan (Prince Charles); and a solid red (Ruby). Blenheims often have a red mark, the “Blenheim Spot,” on top of the head.

  • Personality: A true spaniel—affectionate, alert, and merry
  • Energy Level: Somewhat Active; Cavorting and curious at play; well-behaved and dignified at home
  • Good with Children: Yes
  • Good with other Dogs: Yes
  • Shedding: Seasonal
  • Grooming: Weekly
  • Trainability: Responds Well
  • Height: 9-10 inches
  • Weight: 8-14 pounds
  • Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
  • Barking Level: Quiet

meet theEnglish Toy Spaniel

Did you know?

English Toy Spaniels still possess the natural hunting instinct.

Learn More

at aGlance

theBreed Standard

Embed the breed standard on your site.

Download the complete breed standard or club flier PDFs.

  • General Appearance

    The English Toy Spaniel is a compact, cobby and essentially square toy dog possessed of a short-nosed, domed head, a merry and affectionate demeanor and a silky, flowing coat. His compact, sturdy body and charming temperament, together with his rounded head, lustrous dark eye, and well cushioned face, proclaim him a dog of distinction and character. The important characteristics of the breed are exemplified by the head.

  • Head

    Large in comparison to size, with a plush, chubby look, albeit with a degree of refinement which prevents it from being coarse. Expression - Soft and appealing, indicating an intelligent nature. Eyes - Large and very dark brown or black, set squarely on line with the nose, with little or no white showing. The eye rims should be black. EarsVery long and set low and close to the head, fringed with heavy feathering. Skull - High and well domed; from the side, curves as far out over the eyes as possible. Stop - Deep and well-defined. 

  • Neck, Topline, Body

    Neck - Moderate in length; nicely arched. Topline - Level. Body - Short, compact, square and deep, on cobby lines, with a broad back. Sturdy of frame, with good rib and deep brisket.

  • Forequarters

    Shoulders well laid back; legs well boned and strong, dropping straight down from the elbow; strong in pastern. Feet, front and rear, are neat and compact; fused toes are often seen and are acceptable.

  • Hindquarters

    Rear legs are well muscled and nicely angulated to indicate strength, and parallel of hock.

  • Coat

    Profusely coated, heavy fringing on the ears, body, and on the chest, and with flowing feathering on both the front and hind legs, and feathering on the feet. The coat is straight or only slightly wavy, with a silken, glossy texture. Although the Blenheim and the Ruby rarely gain the length of coat and ears of the Prince Charles and King Charles, good coats and long ear fringes are a desired and prized attribute. Over-trimming of the body, feet or tail fringings should be penalized.





get involved inClubs & Events

Breed Club

theEnglish Toy Spaniel Club of America

Local Clubs

Find the Local Clubs in your area.


Explore meetups.com and see all of the local English Toy Spaniels in your area.

watch a video of theEnglish Toy Spaniel

exploreOther Breeds