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Caucasian Ovcharka
History
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The authentic Caucasian Ovcharka is a livestock guarding dog of greater than average size and power possessing a robust constitution and exhibiting an inherent distrust of strangers.

The Caucasian Ovcharka is indigenous to the mountain regions of the Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani Union Republics; the Kabardino-Balkar, Daghestan and Kalmyk Autonomous Republics, and the steppe regions of the northern Caucasus and the Astrakhan district. Historically Caucasian Shepherd dogs were used for guarding and safe-keeping of herds, flocks and dwellings from beasts of prey and predators. Their faithfulness, protectiveness, and ferocity when called upon to defend is legendary.

The breed's intrepidity, hardiness, and tolerance for different temperatures and climates have made it possible to utilize the Caucasian Ovcharka (Mountain Dog) in almost all the regions of the Soviet Union.

Type varies geographically throughout the mountain range, and also varies according to the purpose for which the dogs were utilized. Generally, dogs of the transcaucasus regions are more massively built, while those found in the steppe regions have a somewhat rangier build, are leggier, and are often short-coated.





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