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American Eskimo Dog
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The "Eskie" is a member of the spitz family, or Nordic breeds. The American Eskimo Dog is almost certainly descended from the European spitzes, including the white German Spitz, the white Keeshound, the white Pomeranian and the Volpino Italiano (white Italian Spitz). After World War II, breeders on the West Coast may even have incorporated some Japanese Spitz into the Eskie.

During the 19th century in this country, small, white spitz-type dogs were commonly found in communities of German immigrants. These dogs were probably descendants of white German Spitz, white Keeshonden or large white Pomeranians that immigrated with their European masters. They came to be known collectively as American Spitz.

Late in the 19th century, the American Eskimo Dog was extremely popular for use in trick-dog acts in the many traveling circuses throughout the United States. The breed excelled in this job because of their sparkling white coat and quickness, and they possessed an innate intelligence, trainability and unsurpassed agility. These dogs traveling with the circuses helped develop and spread the popularity of the American Eskimo Dog.

In 1917 the name "American Spitz" became "American Eskimo Dog" although the exact reason for this is unknown. It may have been that usage of the word "eskimo" would pay homage to the breed’s developmental association with various breeds of large, Nordic dogs developed by those native American peoples.

The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985 and began registering dogs in 1986. In 1993 their registry was transferred to the American Kennel Club resulting in more than 1,750 American Eskimo Dogs being registered as foundation stock in the AKC Stud Book. On July 1, 1995 the breed was given full AKC recognition and became eligible for competing in the Non-Sporting Group.

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