- DNA and the AKC
- DNA Facts and Figures
DNA Facts and Figures
- Through December 31, 2015, the AKC collected over 678,700 DNA profiles in its database.
- The AKC DNA database has samples from 228 AKC and FSS breeds.
- The top ten breeds that are AKC DNA Profiled are:
Labrador Retriever (51,317)
Yorkshire Terrier (44,115)
German Shepherd Dog (34,717)
Shih Tzu (26,330)
Golden Retriever (25,640)
DNA genotyping can be used to establish the identity of a dog and to verify parentage. As each generation is DNA Profiled by the AKC, pedigrees will carry that extra measure of confidence.
Compliance Audit Program (Kennel Inspections)
- DNA has been collected at over 10,500 kennels.
- Over 20,000 litters have been DNA tested.
- Over 114,000 DNA samples have been tested to verify parentage.
In 1998, when the program was introduced, 89% of the litters tested had correct parentage, within 5 years the level of correct parentage had improved to 95% where it has been relatively constant ever since.
DNA Profile Program
- Over 520,000 samples have been submitted to date.
- Samples are submitted on a voluntary basis and/or to satisfy AKC DNA requirements.
Frequently Used Sires (FUS) Requirement
- The FUS Requirement was implemented to obtain DNA profiles from the dogs with the greatest impact on the AKC stud book.
- Almost 90,000 samples were submitted during the first year of the requirement.
- 45% of the litters registered during this period were sired by FUS.
Multiple-Sired Litters Requirement
- 66 multiple-sired litters were registered in 2015.
- There have been only 5 cases (in more than 10 years) in which the markers used by the AKC could not identify the sire of one pup in a litter involving highly line bred or related sires. We maintain relationships with DNA laboratories throughout the U.S. to resolve cases such as these.
DNA Operations & Educational Services
phone: (919) 816-3508
fax: (919) 816-4255