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Public Education Educator Resources Anatomy and Physical 9-12 Skull

Learning Objectives

Students will make anatomical comparisons between humans and dogs.


Grade Level

Grades 9-12


National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) Practices Addressed

  • Asking Questions and Defining Problems
  • Developing and Using Models
  • Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
  • Analyzing and Interpreting Data
  • High School Specific: Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms. HS-LS1-2

Materials Needed

  • Human-Dog Comparison Sheet
  • Access to internet-enabled devices (computer lab, laptop carts, personal phones, etc.)
  • 100-200 Balloons of different colors and sizes (Amount depends on size and number student groups)
  • 4×8 foot sections of bulletin board paper (1 per student group)
  • 100-200 Rubber bands (Amount depends on size of and number of student groups)
  • Tape (packaging or clear)
  • Plastic tubing (if available, not necessary)
  • Colored pencils


Prior to the Lesson

  • Ensure that you’ve collected materials far enough in advance. You may choose to ask parents to donate items.
  • This lesson should be done after ample instruction has been given on human anatomy.


  • Explain to students that today we will be using what we know about human anatomy in order to compare it to the anatomy of a dog.

Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling

  • Place students in groups of 2-4.
  • Pass out the accompanying worksheet.

Independent Working Time

  • Have students work in groups to complete the sheet and activities.

Review and Closing

  • When finished, allow students to share.
  • Encourage students with dogs at home to practice judging dentition to their dog’s “breed standard” and share their results.


A Bit of Bites: Judging Canine Dentition. (2015, September 10). Retrieved from

Canine Anatomy Test (A). (2010). Retrieved from

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