Natural disasters affect everyone, including your pets. If you live in a hurricane-prone area, you will need to make certain that you protect your dog from the unique health concerns that can arise during a storm. During a hurricane, dogs are exposed to many of the same dangers as people. Being prepared will keep your pet safe both during and after the storm.
Make an Emergency Plan for Your Dog
Long before disaster strikes, your family should have an emergency plan in place. A good emergency plan includes making decisions such as where you will go in the event of an evacuation, how you will communicate with each other if you become separated, and what you will do if you are unable to return home after the storm. For your pets, your emergency plan should also include designating a caregiver – such as a trusted neighbor – who can look after your pets if you are unable to reach them during an emergency. You can also place a rescue alert sticker on your front door to notify first responders that there are pets inside your home who need to be evacuated.
Whether you decide to evacuate or stay in your home during the storm, it is important to have an emergency kit prepared for your dog. Your kit should include all the essentials your pup will need to ride out the storm, including:
- Food and fresh water, enough for at least three days.
- Food and water bowls.
- First aid kit.
- Puppy pads, paper towels, and garbage bags for clean-up.
- Medical records.
- Contact information for your veterinarian.
- Treats and toys to keep your dog busy.
- Leash and collar with ID tags.
- List of pet-friendly shelters and accommodations, in case you need to evacuate.
Remember that if you are ordered to evacuate, you should take your pets with you if it is at all possible to do so. If it isn’t safe for you to stay, it isn’t safe for your pets either.
Microchip Your Dog
If you become separated from your dog during a natural disaster, a microchip is your best chance to be reunited. A microchip can easily be placed under your dog’s skin by your veterinarian, and it contains a unique ID number that is used to look up your contact information. Be sure the contact information associated with your dog’s microchip is kept up-to-date. This can typically be done on the microchip manufacturer’s website.
Your dog should also wear a collar and ID tags including your contact information. ID tags should include your dog’s name and your telephone number at the very least. If your dog has major health issues that require medication, including this information on the tag will help ensure your dog receives medical attention quickly.
Hurricane-Related Preventive Care for Your Dog
Hurricanes bring heavy rains and flooding, which can lead to an increased prevalence of illnesses such as heartworm disease and leptospirosis. Additionally, if you are unable to return home after the storm your dog may need to spend some time in a boarding kennel or shelter environment, which could mean exposure to contagious diseases such as kennel cough. Keeping vaccinations and parasite prevention medications up-to-date will ensure your dog stays healthy despite the sudden changes. Your veterinarian can advise you on the best preventive care routine for your pup based on the common illnesses in your area.
It is also important to make sure your canine companion has access to fresh food and water, both during and after the storm. Your dog’s food should be stored in watertight containers to prevent contamination. Flood waters are often contaminated with bacteria, mold, and parasites that can make your dog seriously ill, so don’t allow your dog to drink from any water source that you would not drink from yourself. If you don’t have a supply of safe food and water for your dog, rescue workers may be able to direct you to a shelter that is equipped to provide disaster relief for pets.
Evaluate Your Dog After the Hurricane
Once the danger has passed you’ll need to check your dog over – particularly if you were separated during the storm. Look for any signs that your dog needs medical attention, such as:
- Wounds or other injuries.
- Pain, limping, or swelling.
- Changes in energy level.
- Changes in appetite.
- Coughing, sneezing, or discharge from the nose.
- Vomiting or diarrhea.
- Changes in behavior.
Remember, it’s better to be safe than sorry. If you are at all concerned about your dog’s health following the storm, it is always a good idea to make an appointment for an examination by a veterinarian. In some cases, veterinarians deploy as part of disaster-relief teams and will be on hand to provide medical care for pets affected by the storm.
Hurricanes are scary for everyone, but being prepared can help keep you and your pets safe. Remember to include your dog in your family’s emergency plans, and keep your pup’s emergency kit stocked and ready to go. With careful preparation, your canine companion will be protected throughout the storm.