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  • Temperament: Alert, Trainable, Comical
  • Height: 18-20 inches (males), 17-19 inches (females)
  • Weight: 38-45 pounds (males), 32-35 pounds (females)
  • Life Expectancy: 12-15 years
  • Group: Foundation Stock Service

    The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.

FCI Standard
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog standing outdoors with a toy in its mouth.
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog standing outdoors facing right.
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog standing outdoors.
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog head facing right outdoors.
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog at a conformation show.

About the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is not an Australian Cattle Dog with a docked tail. There are major structural differences in breed type between the two breeds of cattle dogs. Stumpy Tail Cattle Dogs are a natural bob-tail breed. Some Stumpy Tail pups are born with long tails and should not be discarded from a breeding program if they are of structural quality, but rather bred back to quality natural bob tails.

 

Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog Society of the United States

Denyse Adams: chredacds8@gmail.com

Lori Graham: lgraham1145@yahoo.com

Kim McDonald: breezyacresstumpies@gmail.com

Kevin Nicholson: nicholson.klnicholson@gmail.com

National Breed Clubs and Rescue

Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country.
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog puppy outdoors.

Find a Puppy: Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog

AKC Marketplace | PuppyFinder

AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC.

Care

NUTRITION

Good quality foods that are formulated to all life stages is recommended. Feeding amounts will vary depending upon the activity levels the dog gets daily. Two Meals equally spaced during the day will suffice. Free feeding can be done as long as the dog does not get overweight. A high energy feed that has non-GMO grains seems to work well with these dogs. Transitioning from puppy food to adult foods is really not necessary.

GROOMING

Requirements for grooming are minimal. Weekly gentle brushing to remove excess shed hair and dirt. Bathing should be done as needed. Facial whiskers should not be removed, no trimming of tail hairs as this is a ‘natural’ breed. Toe nails need weekly attention as they tend to grow quickly and sharp. Coat length is 1 to 1.5 inches. Slight feathering on outer thighs. Coat should lay flat and close to the body.

Grooming Frequency

Occasional Bath/Brush
Specialty/Professional
Weekly Brushing

Shedding

Infrequent
Frequent
Occasional

EXERCISE

The “Stumpy” has a very high energy level and therefore needs daily exercise, a secure place to run, and mind stimulating work. With a high level of stamina, this breed can work stock all day in adverse condition for which it was developed. Hiking, backpacking, and obedience training is essential for healthy body and mind for the lifetime of the dog.

Energy Level

Couch Potato
Needs Lots of Activity
Energetic

TRAINING

Easily trained using reward based methods. Problem solving and comical in nature. Temperament ranges from people friendly to a bit wary of strangers. Great with known persons. Can be a bit of a watch dog and alert owners to strangers nearing their property. Amenable to judges exams in the show rings

Trainability

May be Stubborn
Eager to Please
Easy Training

Temperament/Demeanor

Aloof/Wary
Outgoing
Alert/Responsive

HEALTH

The Stumpy is a relatively healthy breed and can live 12 to 15 years. All pups should be BEAR hearing tested as this breed carries the gene for deafness. Progressive Retinal Atrophy and Primary Lens luxation are inherited eye problems and all breeding pairs should be DNA screened to make good breeding decisions.

 

Recommended Health Tests:

  • PRA-RCD 4
  • BAER Hearing Testing
  • Hip Evaluation
  • Elbow Evaluation
  • Hyperuricosuria DNA
Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog head in three-quarter view with its tongue out.
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog working a flock of sheep.
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog working a flock of sheep.
Three Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog puppies peeking out from a dark doorway.
Two Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog puppies romping around in the grass outdoors.
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog puppy standing in the grass outdoors in the sunshine.

History

There are two schools of thought regarding the development of the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog. During the 1840s, two stockmen in separate states of Australia began crossing local working dogs with imported drover’s dogs that may have carried the natural tailless-ness. It is believed that the Stumpy was the first breed developed in Australia. After a few more breeds were included into the development process, the Australian Cattle Dog came to be.

The Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog developed from the same ancestors of early Halls Heelers and Timmons Biters. Breeding emphasized working ability and stamina. By the 1890s, the Cattle Dog was exhibited and early classes included both long-tailed and stumpy-tailed varieties. By 1917, the stumpy-tailed Cattle Dogs comprised of 50% of the Cattle Dog entrants in some shows.

Immediately after WWI there was a decline of the Stumpy as a benched breed and by the 1960s only one registered breeder remained. By the ’80s, the Stumpy as a registered breed was nearing extinction. A redevelopment program by the Australian National Kennel Council began in 1988 and has been successful in preserving the breed in Australia.

The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog was introduced to North America after WWII along with the Australian Cattle Dog. However, documented dogs that were registered with the ANKC were not introduced until the year 2000.

Did You Know?

The Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog was added to the Foundation Stock Service in May 2018.
The Stumpy was Australia’s first home-bred “invention.”
Among the AKC’s first recipients for the Canine Paw of Courage award was a blue male Stumpy named Betcha, who was a member of the Vermont Sheriff’s Department.
The Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog can be born with a long tail.
Although the Australian Stumpy-Tail Cattle Dog is the same height as the Australian Cattle Dog, the Stumpy has longer legs.

The Breed Standard

Colors & Markings

Colors

Description Standard Colors Registration Code
Blue Check Mark For Standard Color 037
Blue Mottled Check Mark For Standard Color 438
Blue Speckled Check Mark For Standard Color 439
Red Check Mark For Standard Color 140
Red Mottled Check Mark For Standard Color 455
Red Speckled Check Mark For Standard Color 440

Markings

Description Standard Markings Registration Code
Black Markings Check Mark For Standard Mark 002
Red Markings Check Mark For Standard Mark 023
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