The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage.
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is not an Australian Cattle Dog with a docked tail. There are major structural differences in breed type between the two breeds of cattle dogs. Stumpy Tail Cattle Dogs are a natural bob-tail breed. Some Stumpy Tail pups are born with long tails and should not be discarded from a breeding program if they are of structural quality, but rather bred back to quality natural bob tails.
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Good quality foods that are formulated to all life stages is recommended. Feeding amounts will vary depending upon the activity levels the dog gets daily. Two Meals equally spaced during the day will suffice. Free feeding can be done as long as the dog does not get overweight. A high energy feed that has non-GMO grains seems to work well with these dogs. Transitioning from puppy food to adult foods is really not necessary.
Requirements for grooming are minimal. Weekly gentle brushing to remove excess shed hair and dirt. Bathing should be done as needed. Facial whiskers should not be removed, no trimming of tail hairs as this is a ‘natural’ breed. Toe nails need weekly attention as they tend to grow quickly and sharp. Coat length is 1 to 1.5 inches. Slight feathering on outer thighs. Coat should lay flat and close to the body.
The “Stumpy” has a very high energy level and therefore needs daily exercise, a secure place to run, and mind stimulating work. With a high level of stamina, this breed can work stock all day in adverse condition for which it was developed. Hiking, backpacking, and obedience training is essential for healthy body and mind for the lifetime of the dog.
Easily trained using reward based methods. Problem solving and comical in nature. Temperament ranges from people friendly to a bit wary of strangers. Great with known persons. Can be a bit of a watch dog and alert owners to strangers nearing their property. Amenable to judges exams in the show rings
The Stumpy is a relatively healthy breed and can live 12 to 15 years. All pups should be BEAR hearing tested as this breed carries the gene for deafness. Progressive Retinal Atrophy and Primary Lens luxation are inherited eye problems and all breeding pairs should be DNA screened to make good breeding decisions.
Recommended Health Tests:
There are two schools of thought regarding the development of the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog. During the 1840s, two stockmen in separate states of Australia began crossing local working dogs with imported drover’s dogs that may have carried the natural tailless-ness. It is believed that the Stumpy was the first breed developed in Australia. After a few more breeds were included into the development process, the Australian Cattle Dog came to be.
The Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog developed from the same ancestors of early Halls Heelers and Timmons Biters. Breeding emphasized working ability and stamina. By the 1890s, the Cattle Dog was exhibited and early classes included both long-tailed and stumpy-tailed varieties. By 1917, the stumpy-tailed Cattle Dogs comprised of 50% of the Cattle Dog entrants in some shows.
Immediately after WWI there was a decline of the Stumpy as a benched breed and by the 1960s only one registered breeder remained. By the ’80s, the Stumpy as a registered breed was nearing extinction. A redevelopment program by the Australian National Kennel Council began in 1988 and has been successful in preserving the breed in Australia.
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog was introduced to North America after WWII along with the Australian Cattle Dog. However, documented dogs that were registered with the ANKC were not introduced until the year 2000.
|Description||Standard Colors||Registration Code|
|Blue||Check Mark For Standard Color||037|
|Blue Mottled||Check Mark For Standard Color||438|
|Blue Speckled||Check Mark For Standard Color||439|
|Red||Check Mark For Standard Color||140|
|Red Mottled||Check Mark For Standard Color||455|
|Red Speckled||Check Mark For Standard Color||440|
|Description||Standard Markings||Registration Code|
|Black Markings||Check Mark For Standard Mark||002|
|Red Markings||Check Mark For Standard Mark||023|