Both coat types, short and long, will shed seasonally; a twice-weekly brushing will suffice.
Both long-haired and short-haired Saint Bernards shed and need regular grooming. New owners should be prepared for drool - there is no such thing as a dry mouth Saint. This breed makes wonderful family companions with obedience training and daily exercise, but due to their larger size, may do better living in the country or suburbs.
Depending on the size of your dog as an adult you are going to want to feed them a formula that will cater to their unique digestive needs through the various phases of their life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds.
The Saint is a giant breed and has a lifespan of 10 to 12 years. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
Beyond regular weekly brushing, the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. New owners should be prepared for drool - there is no such thing as a dry mouth Saint. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
While not very active, they do need daily exercise, and will be content with long walks and a romp on the lawn.
St. Bernard &HEALTH
Like all breeds there may be some health issues, like hip dysplasia and eye disease. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Saint Bernards are healthy dogs.
Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Saint can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.