The short, shiny coat needs little maintenance; the wrinkles on the face and forehead must be kept clean and dry.
The Pug’s reason for living is to be near their people and to please them, and their sturdiness makes them a family favorite. They are comfortable in small apartments because they need minimal exercise, but the breed can adapt easily to all situations. The Pug sheds, but its short coat requires little grooming.
Pugs live to eat. You must be very careful as they age to monitor their diet. A good quality dry dog food, moistened with warm water, is generally all they need. If your vet recommends any supplements you may add those to their food. Puppies are generally fed three times day until they are about six months old. From six months to a year, twice a day, and then you can go to a once-a-day schedule if you desire. Many owners feed adult dogs twice a day, just giving half a portion in the morning and the other half in the evening. Please do not feed your Pug table scraps. It is very hard to resist those beautiful dark eyes begging for a handout, but steel yourself and say"NO." Your dog will be better for it.
Depending on the size of your dog as an adult you are going to want to feed them a formula that will cater to their unique digestive needs through the various phases of their life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds. The Pug is a small breed and has a lifespan of 13 to 15 years. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
Regular weekly brushing and the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
Pug people say their breed is the perfect housedog. Pugs are happy living in the city or country, with kids or grandparents, and as the family’s only pet or among other animals. They enjoy their food, and care must be taken to keep them at their best weight (14 to 18 pounds). They thrive in moderate climates—not too hot, not too cold—but, with proper care, Pugs can be their adorable selves anywhere. They live to love and to be loved in return.
Like all breeds there may be some health issues, like hip dysplasia, eye disease, patellar luxaton, and Pug dog encephalitis. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Pugs are healthy dogs.
Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Pug can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.