Smooth-coated Chis should be brushed once or twice a month; the long-coated Chi, once or twice a week.
Chihuahuas are alert dogs with terrier-like qualities. They are good with families if the children are gentle and patient. Because of their small size, they require little exercise and are good city dogs, but can be sensitive to cold temperatures. Smooth coated Chihuahuas need very little grooming due to their short hair. Long coats need occasional brushing but still require minimal grooming.
Depending on the size of your dog as an adult you are going to want to feed them a formula that will cater to their unique digestive needs through the various phases of their life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds.
The Chihuahua is an extra-small breed and has a lifespan of 15 to 17 years. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times..
They really need very little grooming due to their short hair. The Long Coat Chihuahua also needs occasional brushing but still requires minimal grooming. Their small nails should be trimmed regularly to avoid overgrowth and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Providing hard bones and chew toys will help strengthen gums and remove tartar. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
Chihuahuas are animated and entertaining creatures, famously loyal, who’d happily spend most of their lives curled up in your lap. Though they like to run and play, Chihuahuas are mostly an indoor pet, and do well in apartments. Chihuahuas are fragile and have to be treated with care and kindness—they might not be the best choice for young children. They were bred for the warmth of Mexico and don’t do well in cold weather. They will seek out the sun and love to burrow under blankets to keep toasty, which makes them even more adorable.
Your puppy’s breeder should provide you with a medical history for you to bring to your vet. Your veterinarian can advise you on how to continue to keep your puppy healthy and free of fleas, heartworms and other parasites. Immunizations are strongly recommended to prevent serious disease. Rabies is required by law. Chihuahuas are generally a healthy breed. But like all breeds there may be some health issues, like patellar luxation, cardiac and eye disease.
Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Chihuahuas are healthy dogs. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Chihuahuas can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.