State Issues: June 2015
Here are some highlights of state-level issues AKC GR is currently tracking. Visit the 2015 Legislation Tracking page and click on your state to get the latest updates on state bills monitored by the AKC.
Alabama — House Bill 548 sought to regulate dog breeders and establish criminal penalties for failure to comply with undefined and arbitrary requirements for the care, feeding, and housing of dogs. Compliance with the problematic provisions of HB 548 would have been required for every person and organization that has “custody or ownership” of ten or more intact dogs over the age of six months for the “purpose of breeding the dogs and selling the offspring”. This bill also would have criminalized certain humane and accepted dog care practices. Violations would have been the pejorative crime of “operating a puppy mill”. HB 548 did not advance in the House Agriculture and Forestry Committee prior to adjournment of the legislative session. Read more about this legislation.
Alabama — Senate Bill 468 sought to establish prohibitions, restrictions, requirements and penalties regarding outdoor tethering and confinement of dogs. Among other provisions, it would have required that dogs kept outdoors be confined by one of the following methods: 1) in a pen or enclosure with adequate space for exercise depending on the age, size, “species”, and weight of the dog; 2) in a fully fenced, electronically fenced, or otherwise securely enclosed yard where the dog has the ability run; or 3) on a trolley system or overhead cable run that meets requirements regarding height, length, and other specifications. The bill did not include provisions for dog owners who enclose dogs in pens or kennel runs with regular access to larger exercise areas, leash walking, visits to dog parks, or other forms of exercise. SB 468 was indefinitely postponed in the Senate Judiciary Committee.
California — Assembly Concurrent Resolution 56 would designate shelter animals as the state pet. This measure is assigned to the Governmental Organization Committee but has not been set for a hearing.
California — Assembly Bill 494 would enable courts to include protections for companion animals in restraining orders in cases involving juvenile dependency, elder abuse, and civil harassment. California state law already allows animals to be included in protection orders in domestic violence cases. The American Kennel Club is supporting this legislation. The bill has passed the Senate Judiciary Committee and will soon be brought before the full Senate.
California — Assembly Bill 794 would extend protections provided to law enforcement dogs and horses to dogs and horses being handled by volunteers under the supervision of a law enforcement officer. Specifically, it would enhance penalties for attacking or intentionally injuring a dog or horse in these circumstances. The AKC supports this legislation. The bill has passed the Senate Public Safety Committee and is now awaiting hearing in the Senate Appropriations Committee.
Connecticut — House Bill 6187 sought to permit courts to order that a separate, independent advocate be assigned to represent the interests of an animal in a criminal proceeding in which the welfare or custody of the animal was at issue. AKC expressed concerns with this measure, including the potential for legal confusion about who would be ultimately responsible for making decisions impacting animals, and the potential for providing advocates akin to guardians ad litem that are traditionally used to protect the interests of people. AKC GR communicated with the sponsor and committee and sent a legislative alert to clubs. The bill had a public hearing on April 1. No further action was taken on the bill before the Connecticut legislature adjourned on June 3, 2015. Read more about this legislation.
Delaware — Senate Bill 22 would allow law enforcement, animal control officers, animal cruelty investigators and firefighters to enter a vehicle if it is believed the temperature is such as to cause injury or death to the animal. The person removing the animal must make a reasonable effort to contact the owner, and if that is unsuccessful, leave written information with local animal shelters with their name and title and the location of the animal. The bill was amended to clarify that a warning will be issued for a first offense. AKC supports SB 22, which has unanimously passed the Senate and House of Representatives and will likely be sent to the governor's desk soon.
Florida — House Bill 71/Senate Bill 414 broaden the definition of service animal to be consistent with federal regulations and prohibit discrimination by timeshares that are transient housing facilities. It provides that an employee who fails to allow a service animal where one is allowed will be guilty of a second degree misdemeanor and will be required to serve 30 hours of community service working for an organization that services those with disabilities. HB 71 has been signed into law by Governor Rick Scott.
Indiana — The Indiana Natural Resources Commission has proposed a new rule that would change several regulations, including those relating to dog training grounds and Beagle field trials. Changes include requiring that dog training grounds that allow for the chasing of rabbits be at least 10 acres. Other changes include requirements for record-keeping and the proper care and treatment of the rabbits being kept in the training grounds. AKC has submitted comments to the commission and is working with local Beagle clubs and organizations, as well as sportsmen groups, to address concerns with portions of the proposal that could negatively impact field trials and humane dog training. The Commission has indicated that it will likely amend the rule and will continue to seek the input of AKC’s local Beagle clubs.
Illinois — House Bill 4029 would create new requirements for shelters that will help streamline the process to get lost animals home more quickly. Among other requirements, shelters would have to check for identification within 24 hours after the initial intake of a dog or cat. An additional scan for a microchip and other forms of identification would also be required prior to transferring an animal to another shelter or rescue group, or euthanization. HB 4029 as amended also states that if the first person listed on the microchip cannot be reached, the shelter must notify the second contact if one is listed. Also, shelters must notify the owner when one is identified and transfer dogs with identified owners to a local animal control or law enforcement agency for redemption. If they cannot transfer the animal, they must hold the animal for at least 7 days prior to removing the animal. The Illinois Federation of Dog Clubs and Owners (AKC’s state federation for Illinois) has worked closely with the state legislature on this measure. The bill, which is also supported by the AKC, has passed the legislature and is pending action by the governor.
Iowa — Senate File 502 (formerly Senate Files 347 and 168) would have created many new regulations for “commercial breeders”, which are currently defined as someone who has four or more intact dogs and receives any kind of consideration for breeding (including stud fees or a puppy back). Those who met the definition would have been required to keep their kennels open for unannounced inspections during “normal business hours”, which could be a challenge for hobby and home-based breeders. Breeders also could have been subject to onerous license fees, and required to purchase multiple licenses if they meet more than one definition (such as a breeder who also grooms, etc.). A new license would also have been created for “small breeders, competitive show breeders, and specialized breeders” who either keep three litters or 30 puppies in a fiscal year, whichever is fewer. It was unclear if someone would have to purchase both this license and a commercial breeder license if they meet both definitions. AKC GR sent several alerts to local clubs and breeders and letters of concern to the Senate. The bill passed committee but was never considered by the full Senate. AKC GR continues to monitor the legislation, as it could be considered again in 2016.
Louisiana — House Bill 710 sought to require certain dog breeders to register annually with their parish and to submit to annual inspections of their facilities by local officials. AKC GR expressed concern that the bill unnecessarily duplicated federal regulatory oversight of breeders, employed vague and potentially unconstitutional requirements, imposed an unfunded mandate on localities, and risked empowering individuals without expertise in canine husbandry matters to inspect kennels. The bill was considered on May 28 by the House Agriculture, Forestry, Aquaculture, and Rural Development Committee, which significantly amended the bill. The new version, House Bill 847, only required kennel license applicants to provide their parish with their USDA license and sales tax identification information, if they have one; or explanation for why they do not. HB 847 was passed by the full House on June 3 and the full Senate on June 6; and currently awaits Governor Bobby Jindal’s action. The Louisiana legislature adjourned on June 11. Click here to read AKC’s alert on HB 710.
Maine — LD 335 originally sought to prohibit pet shops from selling dogs and cats. It provided exceptions for pet shops that offered dogs and cats sourced from animal shelters, or those that were born or raised by the shop’s owner in a separate facility. All but one of Maine’s pet shops would have been subject to the prohibition. A subsequent amendment to the bill grandfathered Maine’s already-licensed pet shops so long as dogs and cats were acquired from sources that met certain standards. In the contentious final days of the legislative session, Governor Paul LePage vetoed LD 335. The Maine House attempted to override the Governor’s veto, but a vote of 80-to-64 with seven absentees failed to meet the required 2/3 vote. AKC GR wrote to the Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry Committee expressing concerns that the bill would ultimately limit the ability of residents to obtain the best dog for their families and to Governor LePage urging a veto of the bill.
Michigan — Senate Bill 239 would prohibit local governments from enacting any breed-specific rules or ordinances. The bill also states that a local government may enact ordinances that place restrictions or additional requirements on dog owners. SB 239 has passed the Senate Local Government Committee and is pending in the Senate Agriculture Committee.
Montana — House Bill 179 would have made it illegal for a humane shelter or its employees to engage in activities at an animal facility without the owner’s consent. It did not apply to the lawful activities of a government agency or its employees carrying out their duties under law. This bill did not advance in committee.
Montana — House Bill 608 sought to establish licensing, inspections, problematic regulations, fees and penalties for dog and cat breeders and certain dog rescue participants based on the ownership of eight or more intact adult dogs or cats or the sale or transfer of 31 or more dogs per year. AKC GR issued letters of concern and a legislative alert. HB 608 was tabled in the Senate Business and Labor Committee.
Montana— Senate Bill 115 sought to limit the court’s discretion regarding bonds for care for animals seized under allegations of animal cruelty. It would have expanded existing law by requiring accused owners to pay impoundment costs prior to retrieving their animals even when the court directs that the animals be released to the owner pending adjudication. SB 115 would also have required the court to order payment of a bond for care in certain civil proceedings. Further, officers of an undefined “animal welfare agency” would have been empowered to order euthanization of seized animals. AKC GR issued letters of concern and a legislative alert. SB 115 did not advance in the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Montana — Senate Bill 239 would have prohibited local governments from enacting or enforcing an ordinance, policy, resolution or other regulation that is specific to the breed or perceived breed of a dog. This bill did not advance in committee. Read more about AKC’s support for this measure.
Nevada — Assembly Bill 119 would authorize a veterinarian or veterinary technician who is licensed in another state to provide professional services in Nevada during a critical incident under certain circumstances. Local responsible dog owners and breeders are working with state officials on language to clarify who may declare a critical incident and under what circumstances. The measure was assigned to the Assembly Taxation Committee but was never heard and died at the end of the session.
Nevada — Senate Bill 147 would require peace officers to be trained in effective responses to incidents involving dogs or where dogs are present. This will include education on aggressive and nonthreatening behaviors in dogs as well as nonlethal methods of handling aggressive dogs. The bill was signed into law by Governor Brian Sandoval.
New Hampshire — House Bill 661 would require licensed animal shelters and rescues to compile, maintain, and report certain records for any animal born; accepted from a transporter, animal control officer, or its owner; cared for; sold or otherwise transferred; or which died while in a licensed facility’s possession. The information would then be reported to the New Hampshire Director of Charitable Trusts for publication. HB 661 was heard by the House Executive Departments and Administration Committee on Tuesday, February 17, and awaits further committee action. AKC and its New Hampshire federation both support HB 661. AKC issued a legislative alert and a letter to the committee in support of the bill.
New Jersey — Assembly Bill 991 seeks to establish a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment for harming or threatening to harm animals owned or used by a law enforcement agency or a search and rescue dog. This bill has passed the Assembly, and has been assigned to the Senate Economic Growth Committee.
New Jersey — Assembly Bill 2389 would bar employment at animal-related enterprises, or ownership of animals, for at least two years, of those convicted of or found civilly-liable for any animal crime; permit courts to order forfeiture of animals of those found guilty/civilly-liable for violating animal statutes; provide for new animal control officer rules and regulations; and create a statewide animal cruelty registry. This bill has passed the Assembly and is currently pending in the Senate Economic Growth Committee.
New Jersey — Assembly Bill 2961/Senate Bill 1341 support legislation enacted in 2009 by establishing a penalty for failure to include a bittering agent in antifreeze. SB 1341 has unanimously passed the Senate, and both bills have been approved by the Assembly Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee. The AKC supports the legislation. AB 2961 was substituted by SB 1341, which has passed both houses and is awaiting a concurrence vote.
New Jersey — Assembly Bill 3034 originally sought to force individuals charged with—but not convicted of— animal cruelty to forfeit ownership of their pets, even after they are later found not guilty of those charges, if they are unable to pay for a care bond for animals seized subsequent to a criminal charge. For defendants already incurring high costs to defend themselves in a criminal proceeding, the additional cost of daily boarding and care fees could prove an impossible burden to meet. In cases where a verdict of not guilty was reached or charges were dropped, a defendant unable to pay would be permanently deprived of their property, with no recourse. AB 3034 also fails to protect the property interests of non-possessory co-owners of seized dogs. AKC GR wrote a letter in opposition to AB 3034 as introduced. The bill was amended by the Assembly Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee on June 4, 2015.
New Jersey — Assembly Bill 3037 would create a minimum penalty for animal cruelty offenses and revise the state’s animal fighting laws. One provision would allow the court to sever ownership rights when someone has been convicted of cruelty. AKC has asked for an amendment to allow co-owners the opportunity to claim the animal prior to its being surrendered to a shelter or rescue. The bill has passed the Assembly Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee and awaits further action by the full Assembly.
New Jersey — Assembly Bill 3381, as introduced, expands the animal cruelty statute to include theft or release of animals during burglary. The AKC supports AB 3381 as currently written, and has sent a letter of support and issued a legislative alert. This bill passed the Assembly in December, and is currently under the cognizance of the Senate Economic Growth Committee.
New Jersey — Senate Resolution 102 endorses AKC’s Canine Good Citizen Program and supports its effort to promote responsible dog ownership. SR 102 passed the Senate Economic Growth Committee, and is pending on second reading. AKC strongly supports SR 102.
New York — Assembly Bill 1451 would require licensing, inspections and other regulations for “pet grooming facilities”, defined as a business where a pet may be bathed, brushed, clipped or styled and pet grooming is the establishment’s predominant source of sales. The bill has passed the Assembly Economic Development, Codes and Ways and Means Committees and is pending in the Rules Committee. Its companion Senate Bill 5098 is pending in the Senate Consumer Protection Committee. Read more about this legislation.
New York — Assembly Bill 1679 would ban debarking in the state unless it is medically necessary to treat an illness, disease or injury. Anyone who performs the procedure for any other purpose is guilty of a misdemeanor. Any veterinarian who performs the procedure for any other purpose could have their license suspended or revoked. The bill has been approved by the Assembly and it and its companion Senate Bill 4647 are pending in the Senate Agriculture Committee. Read more about Assembly Bill 1679.
New York — Assembly Bill 2065/ Senate Bill 5944 would prohibit someone from being denied or evicted from public housing based solely on the breed of dog owned by the tenant. The bill would also prohibit housing leases (including apartments, tenements, and mobile home parks) from restricting a tenant’s ability to own a specific breed of dog. The bill has passed the Assembly Housing Committee on June 3 and is pending in the Rules Committee. Read more about this legislation and how you can join AKC in supporting this bill.
New York — Assembly Bill 5956/ Senate Bill 4327 would allow dogs in outdoor eating establishments, as long as certain conditions are met. Conditions include if the owner chooses to allow dogs and the dogs are kept on leash or in a pet carrier. The dining area must also follow specific guidelines, including having a separate entrance for diners bringing their dogs and posting clear signage stating that companion dogs are allowed. The bills have passed the legislature and will be sent to the Governor’s desk. Read AKC’s blog about this legislation.
New York — Assembly Bill 6626/Senate Bill 5372 would allow victims of domestic violence to bring their service or therapy dogs with them when going to an emergency shelter. The AKC supports these bills, which have passed the legislature and will be sent to the Governor.
New York — Assembly Bill 7033 provides reasonable clarifications to current laws regarding minimum standards for dogs kept in outdoor shelters in inclement weather and extreme temperatures. The AKC supports this bill, which passed the Assembly Agriculture Committee on May 19 and is pending in the Codes Committee. Read more about this legislation.
New York – Assembly Bill 7220 would make several changes and clarifications to the laws regarding hunting dogs. This includes stating that the dog may not be declared “at-large” if the dog is released on a property where hunting is permitted and is wearing a tag, collar or other device that includes contact information for the owner or handler. This bill and its companion Senate Bill 3440 have passed both the Assembly and the Senate and will be sent to the governor’s desk. Read more about this legislation.
New York — Senate Bill 423 would include pets in the definition of “property” in the larceny statutes. As a result, stealing a pet from someone’s dwelling, enclosure, yard or other property would be a fourth degree grand larceny offense. The AKC supports this bill, which passed the Senate on June 3 and, along with its companion Assembly Bill 3510 is pending in the Assembly Codes Committee.
New York — Senate Bill 1812/ Assembly Bill 141 would amend current laws to help better identify the owners of lost dogs. Under this bill, a lost dog must be checked for all forms of identification, including tags, microchips, tattoos or licenses within 24 hours after intake, or as soon as practicable. Also, if possible, a photograph and description of the dog should be posted on the Internet, unless it is deemed better to not post if deemed appropriate to facilitate finding the owner or protect the safety of the dog. If the dog is identified, the owner must be notified either personally or by certified mail, and the dog must be held for seven days. If the dog is not identified right away, it must be held for at least five days. This bill, which is supported by the AKC, was approved by the Senate Agriculture Committee and now is pending on the Senate Floor. A. 141 is pending in the Assembly Agriculture Committee. Read more about the legislation and how you can help support it.
New York — Senate Bill 3321 would allow owners to take companion animals on commuter transportation (i.e. buses, railroads, ferries, and other forms of transportation operated by the metropolitan transportation authority) when a state of emergency has been declared and an evacuation has been ordered. The animal must be under the owner’s control (leash, crate, etc.), and passengers with service animals will be given first priority. The bill has passed the Senate and, along with its companion Assembly Bill 539 is pending in the Assembly Corporations, Authorities and Commissions Committee. Read more about this bill.
New York — Senate Bill 3850 would allow owners to take their companion animals on public transportation if a state of emergency is declared. This bill is similar to Senate Bill 3321 and would partner with virtually identical legislation passed in New Jersey to assist those utilizing public transportation through the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. The animal must be under the owner’s control (leash, crate, etc.), and passengers with service animals will be given first priority. The bill has passed the Senate and is pending in the Corporations, Authorities and Commissions Committee. Read more about this legislation.
North Carolina — House Bill 159 seeks to define “commercial breeder” as any person who owns, has custody of, or maintains 10 or more female dogs over the age of 6 months for the purpose of breeding. Kennels that keep and breed dogs primarily for hunting, sporting, field trials or show would be exempt, but it is unclear how this would be determined. AKC GR is concerned about defining commercial activity solely on animal ownership and transferring oversight away from those with animal husbandry expertise. The bill has passed the House and is being held in the Senate Ways and Means Committee.
North Carolina — House Bill 199/ Senate Bill 247 would allow Raleigh law enforcement and police officers to adopt the animals they worked with or handled during the animal’s service. H199 has passed the House and is pending in the Senate Committee on State and Local Government. S247 has passed the Senate with an amendment to add Mecklenburg County to the legislation. The AKC supports this legislation. Read more about these bills.
North Carolina – House Bill 97 (the state legislative budget proposal) as passed by the Senate would require that the general sales tax rate be applied to gross receipts for a variety of services, including grooming, boarding, training, veterinary services, or “providing other care for an animal.” Different versions of the state budget were individually passed by the House and Senate and a conference committee will be appointed during the next few weeks to negotiate a compromise. Read more about this measure.
Oregon — Current law prohibits carrying a dog on the hood, fender, running board or other external part of any automobile or truck that is upon a highway unless the dog is protected by framework, carrier or other device sufficient to keep it from falling from the vehicle. House Bill 2687 would provide an exception to this provision if the person is operating a registered farm vehicle. The measure failed to pass the Senate and has been re-referred to the Senate Committee on Business and Transportation.
Oregon — House Bill 3494 would ban the practice of debarking unless it is medically necessary to treat an injury, illness, or congenital defect. AKC worked with the National Animal Interest Alliance, our state federation, to alert local fanciers about this measure and has sent a letter to all members of the Senate explaining our opposition. The bill has been returned to the Senate Rules Committee rather than being set for a floor vote.
Oregon — Senate Bill 4 would clarify that a rescue entity includes any group that maintains legal custody of ten or more animals, whether physically located at a facility operated by the entity or kept, housed or maintained elsewhere. The measure will be carried over to the 2016 session.
Oregon — Senate Bill 378 would define a boarding kennel as “a facility that provides care for a fee to dogs that stay at the facility an average of less than 30 days.” It also clarifies that a person operating a boarding kennel is not to be considered a “keeper” of an animal. The bill has been signed into law by Governor Kate Brown.
Oregon — Senate Bill 419 would direct animal impounding facilities to work with animal rescue groups (defined as a tax exempt 501(c)3 that operates to find permanent homes for lost, homeless, surrendered or abandoned animals) to facilitate adoption of animals. It further establishes requirements for animal care and adoption processes for animal impounding facilities. Finally, the measure authorizes a humane investigative agency volunteer to be commissioned by the Superintendent of State Police as humane special agent. Current law allows only employees to perform in this capacity. The bill has been assigned to the Judiciary Committee but has not been heard.
Pennsylvania — Senate Bill 22 makes several changes to the Commonwealth’s consumer protection laws, including clarifying that a dog may not be rendered “unfit for purchase” if the dog has intestinal or external parasites, unless the dog is clinically ill or dies, or if the dog has an injury or illness likely contracted subsequent to the date of sale. SB 22 also requires “releasing agencies (rescues, shelters, etc.) to provide health certificates including vaccinations, medical treatments, known medical conditions and any illness or disease the dog currently has or has ever had. The bill also amends the timelines for dogs being considered unfit for purchase. The AKC and Pennsylvania Federation of Dog Clubs both support this legislation, which unanimously passed the Senate Consumer Protection Committee on April 15 and is pending in the Senate Appropriations Committee. Read more about this legislation.
Pennsylvania – Senate Bill 77 would make several changes regarding dog training areas. This includes making it unlawful for anyone to “willfully, negligently, or maliciously” kill, injure or interfere with a dog engaged in training or field trials, or to negligently and maliciously interfere with a person training dogs, participating in field trials or lawfully hunting in a dog training area. The bill has passed the Senate Game and Fisheries Committee and is pending on the Senate floor. Read more about this legislation.
Pennsylvania — Senate Bill 373 would amend the commonwealth’s cruelty laws to regulate tethering and sheltering for dogs kept outdoors. The bill would prohibit tethering a dog outside for more than 30 minutes if the temperature is below 32 degrees. The AKC is concerned that this would impact field trials, sledding, dog training, and other activities where a dog could be humanely tethered in these temperatures. AKC GR is recommending that the bill be clarified to instead state that a dog should not be left outdoors in conditions where the health and safety of the dog is in immediate danger. The bill has passed the Senate and is pending committee assignment in the House. The AKC is working closely with local clubs and sportsmen organizations to address concerns with this measure. Read more about this legislation.
Rhode Island — In 2013, Rhode Island took an important stand against discriminatory dog legislation by establishing a fair statewide breed-neutral animal control policy. In the legislative sessions that have followed, up to and including this year, certain localities have attempted to create exceptions to the state policy. HB 5800 is yet another attempt at rolling back the state’s protections against local breed-specific laws. If enacted, HB 5800 would automatically reinstate local breed-specific ordinances that were in effect prior to the state’s 2013 ban. The AKC opposed HB 5800. The Rhode Island House Health, Education, and Welfare Committee considered the bill on April 29 and recommended it be held for further study. This likely ends consideration of this bill for the remainder of the current legislative session.
Rhode Island — Current Rhode Island law provides specific exemptions from the state’s restrictions on the practice of tethering animals. Exempted parties include licensed hunters, sled dog owners, training facilities, and individuals under an order by an animal control officer to tether or confine dogs. HB 5573 would remove those exemptions, and require those parties to comply with the state’s statutory restrictions. The AKC expressed concern that should HB 5573 be enacted, some long-accepted humane practices utilized by trainers and handlers in AKC performance events and other lawful activities would be unnecessarily and unreasonably restricted and potentially put dogs in danger. AKC further expressed belief that current law appropriately protects dogs and does not increase the risk of inhumane treatment. The Rhode Island House Health, Education, and Welfare Committee considered the bill and recommended it be held for further study, likely ending its consideration for the remainder of the current legislative session.
South Carolina — House Bill 4120 seeks to require licensing and to establish standards for “commercial dog breeders”, defined as a “person or business that owns, has custody of, or maintains twenty or more female dogs over the age of six months that are capable of reproduction and kept primarily for the purpose of breeding and selling the offspring to a person, business, or pet store for resale as pets to the general public”, with certain exemptions. HB 4120 has been referred to the House Committee on Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs and may be considered during the 2016 legislative session.
South Carolina — Senate Bill 800 seeks to require licensing, fees, and inspections as a “Professional Dog Breeder” for persons who own or control “ten or more intact female adult dogs for the primary purpose of breeding and selling”. S.800 would establish extensive requirements for breeders and empower the Director of the Department of Health and Environmental Control or his/her designee to promulgate additional regulations. The home-based raising of puppies would not be feasible under the requirements of S.800. Inspections and unlimited re-inspections could be conducted by appointees with no training or certification, and such appointees' organizations would receive resulting fees and civil penalties of up to $5000 per day. Violations subject to these extreme penalties could include minor infractions such as the use of incorrect food storage receptacles. This bill would also expand animal cruelty laws applicable to all animals and establish penalties that would include imprisonment for up to five years and fines of up to $15,000. S.800 would further empower the Director or designee to seize animals if he or she “believes” the animals’ health, safety or welfare are endangered. S. 800, which was referred to Committee on Agriculture and Natural Resources, may be considered in the 2016 legislative session.