A wiry topcoat and a soft, dense undercoat; Scottish Terriers require regular brushing or combing and occasional hand-stripping.
Scotties thrive as house pets and are gentle, loving members of their families. Their spirited natures require obedience training, and they need regular exercise (on leash, as the chase instinct is strong). The Scottie coat requires regular brushing and clipping to maintain the characteristic breed outline.
Depending on the size of your dog as an adult you are going to want to feed them a formula that will cater to their unique digestive needs through the various phases of their life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds.
The Scottish Terrier is a medium breed and has a lifespan of 12 to 14 years. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
Beyond regular weekly grooming, the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
The breed’s fans will tell you that once you own a Scottie, no other dog will do. Scotties are stable, steadfast companions. They aren’t emotionally needy dogs, but Scotties do have a complex, almost-human character that’s instantly endearing. Their aloofness toward strangers makes them excellent watchdogs. The breed’s hunting instinct remains strong, which can complicate life for the neighbor’s cat, and Scotties are known to be cantankerous around other dogs. Clever, independent, and bold, Scotties must be taught good manners in early puppyhood.
Scottish Terrier &HEALTH
Like all breeds there may be some health issues, important among them are von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD), allergies, cancer, Scottie Cramp, Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA), hypothyroidism, liver disease, and craniomandibular osteopathy (CMO). Many of these will not appear in the adult dog, but will be transmitted to the puppies. For vWD, a devastating bleeding disease, there is a simple DNA test. It is imperative that Scotties have a vWD test before breeding. Research is underway now to develop tests for CMO and Scottie Cramp as well as bladder cancer. Maintain a flea-free environment to reduce skin problems due to flea allergy. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Scottish Terriers are healthy dogs
Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Scottish Terrier can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.