Regular brushing, routine with eye, ear, teeth and nail care.
The eyes and ears should be checked frequently for foreign matter, injury, and irritation. Keeping the eyes clean will help to avoid infection. Hair in the eyes can cause irritation leading up to painful corneal scratches and ulcers. Drop ears are prone to infection, particularly after bathing or swimming. Be sure to keep ears clean and dry.
They need a diet specifically for small size dogs. Too much protein can cause Pancreatitis. Small amounts of meat, eggs, yogurt and cottage cheese are enjoyed. Safe things to chew on will help keep teeth clean.
It is long, soft, curly or wavy, and dense, with an undercoat. Long mustaches and beard are typical. Hair on top of the head may be left falling naturally or held up in a topknot with a small bow. Feet may be neatened. Brush or comb the coat regularly to prevent mats from forming. Comb through the coats several times a week with a wide tooth comb to keep them mat free. Dogs kept in full coat may need their face, mustaches, and beard washed daily. For show purposes, no other trimming (other than the feet) is permitted, and the coat on the back should fall naturally and should not be deliberately parted.
They can be very energetic and play driven and should have a good romp at least twice a week.
Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka &HEALTH
To avoid patella injuries young dogs should not be encouraged to jump until they are adults. Keeping topknots tied up will help to prevent corneal abrasions to the eyes. Although not found frequently in Bolonki, other health issues known to have appeared in the breed are Liver Shunt, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease and PRA.