The dense, water-repellant double coat requires diligent brushing.
The Newfoundland's sweet disposition makes him a good fit for families. Although he appears somewhat docile, he is an active dog and will need daily exercise. Regular brushing is important to maintain his plush coat. Newfs are also an intelligent breed and are readily trained.
Depending on the size of your dog as an adult you are going to want to feed them a formula that will cater to their unique digestive needs through the various phases of their life. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and giant breeds. The Newfoundland is a large breed and has a lifespan of 10 to 12 years.
What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
Beyond regular weekly grooming the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
He enjoys and needs daily exercise. An untrained dog, no matter what its size, is a liability in modern society. For their own safety and owner’s sanity, all dogs require some form of obedience training. Being intelligent canines, most Newfs are readily trained. The ideal time to begin the training is when the puppy is two months of age-which means you start the day you get the puppy. One person in the family, preferably an adult, should assume the major responsibility for training, but all family members should know the commands, use them consistently, and know how to reward the puppy with praise and encouragement when it has responded to a command. In addition to early training at home, it is advisable to take your puppy to a training class.
Like all breeds there may be some health issues, like hip and elbow dysplasia, cardiac disease, and Cystinuria. Some dogs may be faced with these health challenges in their lives, but the majority of Newfoundlands are healthy dogs.
Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Newfoundlands can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies.