You’ve probably heard the saying "a tired dog is a happy dog." I agree. But that statement doesn’t quite represent the full picture.
A mentally stimulated dog is a happy dog.
You go for long walks, you play fetch, and your dog is still full of energy. You don't know what to do. You've tried to do the right things, but nothing seems to work. He has chewed through the door, he’s dug holes in the yard, and you’re at your wit's end. You've scoured the Internet looking for advice and for trainers who might possibly help.
If you've felt frustrated and confused, you're not alone. Sadly, every single day, dogs end up in shelters due to energy levels that exceeded their owner's expectations.
Physical exercise is great and necessary for a dog, but it's only half of the equation. Your dog, intelligent creature that he or she is, also needs mental exercise. My own dog, Maggie, hikes miles with me, paddle boards, and joins in on all of our adventures and road trips. But even so, with each of these activities, I make sure there's a component of mental stimulation. And this starts at home.
While I do make sure Maggie has the right amount of exercise every day, she'll be more tired after 15 minutes of scent games than after a 30-minute walk around the neighborhood. Yes, seriously. Mental fatigue makes dogs (and humans) feel more physically tired than a physical effort alone. You can use this bit of science to help your dog get to what she wants most — a nice long nap.
As a trainer, I've learned that many of the hyperactivity and destruction problems my clients struggle with can be resolved by adding mental exercise to their dog's daily diet. Excessive barking, destroying the house, destroying toys, eating socks — all of those things have gone away after the owner starts to give the dog mentally stimulating activities. But mentally stimulating activities aren't things like chess and crossword puzzles. Not even Maggie likes those. For a dog, it's mostly just simple, fun games with its owner.
Here are a few of our well-tested favorites:
Get outside with your dog:
Go for a walk with your pup, but instead of hustling around the block or rushing back to run your errands or do the laundry, set some extra time aside to let your dog wander and smell the bushes, watch the squirrels, and sniff the neighbor's dog (with it's permission of course), and I have a feeling you will enjoy the walk, too.
It's never too late to learn some new tricks:
Train your dog to perform some simple tricks. Some of our previous blog posts explained how to teach a retrieve and a drop it command. Just by spending 5-to-15 minutes a day training, you’ll be surprised what your dog can learn. You’ll also be surprised by how much you learn about your dog through training, and you’ll see how much it takes out of him. I recommend ending each session with a favorite treat and some snuggling. Your dog will be ready to settle down, too.
See some training sessions, here.
Put those dog tricks into action:
Apply the tricks you’ve taught in other ways. Ask your pup to retrieve various objects around the house, once she has a solid retrieve. Ask her to drop the ball in all sorts of objects, from tall to tiny containers. Be as excited as she is about every success!
Playtime stimulation with your iFetch:
Playtime plus training; what could be better? Normal fetch doesn't provide a lot of mental stimulation: find the ball, bring it back, rinse, repeat. Teaching your dog to use the iFetch gives you a chance to put those newly acquired skills to work, and it’s also the perfect balance of mental and physical stimulation. From the Frenzy brain game that rolls the ball out, to the iFetch and iFetch Too that shoot the ball across your living room, there's a game for every size dog and every energy level. The mental catch is that they have to figure out where to place the ball to initiate the reward.
Play "go find it" with your dog:
This is one of Maggie's favorites. Put your dog in another room or in his crate; then hide a few treats that have a strong scent. Start with somewhere close by and simple, at first. Then release your pup and say, "go find it!" Watch as your pup engages his doggie-powerful senses to find the treat and then enjoy it. As you play this more often, and your dog understands the game, you can add complexity — hiding the treat in another room, under a table, on a bookshelf, etc.
Hide and Seek:
We all know the classic game we played as kids. Our dogs can love it, too! You're going to need a human friend to help you with this one. Have your friend ask your pup to sit in one room (there goes those new training behaviors again), while you go hide. Start somewhere easy (behind a couch, behind a curtain, in the bath tub), and call your dog to you. You and your dog can both enjoy the surprise of the moment. Reward the dog with treats and belly rubs when she finds you.
Games for dogs:
There are lots of stimulating games available for purchase, and you can also make some at home. I’ve filled a cupcake pan with iFetch mini tennis balls, and then watched as Maggie enjoys trying to figure out how to get all of the balls out.
We hope you and your dog enjoy playing these new stimulating games, which in turn should lead to more happy, quiet time together for you both.
So the next time you take your dog for a long jog or walk, don’t forget to work in some mental activities, too. Just incorporating a few training commands while you’re on your run or walk can go a long way.
Nicole Ellis is a professional dog trainer, American Kennel Club CGC evaluator, APDT trainer, and iFetch Director of Training.