Guide to The Bull Terrier Club of America Collection)

1947 - Present

3.5 Cubic Feet
Collection Processed by Cherie Acierno, July 2006
Finding Aid by Cherie Acierno, July 2006

Access Restrictions: Open to qualified researchers by appointment.

Provenance: Series I and II were donated by the Hon. David Merriam, past President of the Bull Terrier Club of America, and member of the Board of Directors of the American Kennel Club. Additional accretions to these Series are scheduled to arrive regularly from the Secretary of the Bull Terrier Club of America, whoever may hold that position in any given year. Series III was donated by Winkie (W.E.) Mackay-Smith.

Material Types:
Minutes, photocopied
Monographs
Periodicals
Periodical clippings
Catalogs
Pamphlets
Correspondence - business
Correspondence - personal
Fliers
Drafts
Photographs - color
Reports

Arrangement

The Bull Terrier Club of America Collection is organized into three series:

Series I (Meeting Minutes) consists of photocopies of minutes (and, beginning in 2003, computer printouts) from Board of Directors meetings, Delegates meetings, Membership meetings, and Special Meetings of the BTCA from 1947-2002, with more scheduled to arrive. Folders are arranged by date and numbered consecutively within each box.

The BTCA's Record published in 1972. On the cover is Ch. Killer Joe owed by Mr. and Mrs Michael Arnaud, who won the Silverwood Trophy in 1970.
Series II (Publications) consists of publications by the Bull Terrier Club of America. It is divided into four subseries: Subseries IIa contains books. IIb contains the annual The Record. IIc contains show catalogs. IId contains the tri-annual Barks. Each subseries is ordered chronologically. Series III is the Winkie (W.E.) MacKay-Smith Papers. Folders are in MacKay-Smith's original order - arranged alphabetically by MacKay-Smith's subject titles, and chronologically within the folders.

Historical Note

The Bull Terrier Club of America was officially founded and recognized by the AKC in 1897, after a false start and a disagreement with the AKC in 1895 over the issue of cropped ears, which the AKC opposed. Cropped ears quickly became a non-issue, though, as Bull Terriers were bred to ensure their ears pointed stiffly upwards.

The first breed standard was adopted in 1915. Minor amendments, concerning weight and other issues, were added in 1926 and 1936. The issue of whether to recognize non-white Bull Terriers as legitimate was hotly contested among Bull Terrier fanciers. A majority refused to recognize colored Bull Terriers. In 1936 the AKC ordered the BTCA to recognize a separate colored variety. A separate standard for colored Bull Terriers was adopted in 1949. The last major change to the breed standard came in 1957 when the Bull Terrier's personality was characterized as "full of fire but of sweet disposition and amenable to discipline." This change was made to counteract negative impressions of the breed, and dispel the common confusion of Bull Terriers with Pit Bulls. The issue of whether to combine the judging of the white and colored varieties of Bull Terriers continued to be a point of contention among members of the BTCA. They voted on the question in 1970 and 1986. The proposition was defeated both times. In England, the two varieties are judged together, but they remain separate in the U.S. The last minor amendment to the breed standard was made in 1974.

The Bull Terrier Club of America publishes a bulletin entitled Barks. It was irregularly published beginning in the 1960's, became a professionally-produced quarterly in 1977, and is now published thrice annually. Since 1973 the Club has also published an annual entitled The Record, which chronicles the previous year's events. Prior to The Record, there was a publication called an annual which was only published six times between 1936 and 1951. The Club has also published pamphlets on Bull Terriers and on the health problem of slipping patellas, and books on Bull Terriers.

Currently there are 30 regional clubs in the BTCA. The BTCA became a truly national organization, as opposed to a Northeast-centered organization, in 1970 with the institution of the annual Silverwood Competition. The Silverwood Trophy is awarded to the best American-bred Bull Terrier. The competition is hosted by different regional clubs each year, drawing Bull Terrier people together from all over the country and Canada. The ROM (recognition of merit) program, which began in 1978, also brings Bull Terrier people together, as their dogs compete to earn ROM points in different shows.

During the 1980's the breed became suddenly popular due to beer commercials featuring a Bull Terrier named Spuds Mackenzie, and irresponsible breeders took advantage of the craze to sell to irresponsible owners. With $40,000. from the estate of Ethel Simpson Murray, the club spun off a separate non-profit Welfare Foundation, which had its hands full with rescue operations. Today the BTCA is thriving with a large, committed membership. The club continues to work on the welfare of Bull Terriers through its Welfare Foundation, and through its continued research into genetic defects. The Club also emphasizes its educational mission, countering misperceptions about Bull Terriers.

Bull Terrier of Today published in 1951 by the BTCA, was aimed at "...develop[ing] a better understanding of the physical and mental qualities of the breed." (James J. Kermath, BTCA President)
Biographical Note

Series III consists of the papers of Winkie (W.E.) Mackay-Smith. Winkie Mackay-Smith, also known as W.E. Mackay-Smith and Mrs. Matthew Mackay-Smith, was (with her husband) the head of Banbury Kennels, a top Bull Terrier breeder. Banbury is now called Banbury-Bedrock and is still run by Mrs. Mackay-Smith, along with Mary Remer, current First Vice President of the BTCA.. Dogs owned by Mrs. Mackay-Smith have won the Silverwood competition three times (in 1971, 1975, and 1984). A Banbury-Bedrock dog won the National Specialty Best of Breed in 1989. Mackay-Smith's dogs have also won five Lovell Trophies, six Raydium Brigadier Trophies, and more. Mackay-Smith was on the board of the BTCA for seven years from 1984 through 1990, serving as Second Vice President and First Vice President.

At the same time, she chaired the Luxating Patella Committee and the Education Committee. She spearheaded the formal merit point system that became the ROM program, and edited the BTCA Illustrated Standard, which was published in 1991. She researched and prepared the club's pamphlet on luxating patella and put together a video for the AKC on the Bull Terrier. She has written many articles on Bull Terriers and in 1997 wrote the chapter on Silverwood for the BTCA's Centennial History. In 1988 she was awarded the BCTA's prestigious Bar Sinister Award. Mackay-Smith remains a tireless advocate for Bull Terriers, and is especially concerned about genetic issues with the breed. In 1993 she stopped judging competitions because she felt genetic defects were not being taken seriously enough by breeders. The Banbury-Bedrock website contains additional editorials by Mackay-Smith.

The Philadelphia BTCA drafted this poster as part of a broader program in the early 1980s to educate the public about the breed and rescue unwanted Bull Terriers. It is now part of the Winkie Mackay-Smith Papers in the BTCA collection.
Scope and Content

Series I contains photocopies or computer printouts of the Club's minutes from Board of Directors meetings, Delegates meetings, Membership meetings, and Special Meetings from 1947 to the present, with gaps from 1949-1951 and 1954-55. Folders do not always include every meeting or all types of meetings, but they are relatively complete especially from the 1970's to the present. In addition, Winkie Mackay-Smith's personal copies of the minutes from 1982-1989 are included in Series III. The minutes provide an administrative overview of the Club's history, and reflect the concerns and politics of the Club's members and Boards of Directors over the years.

The materials in Series III, the Winkie (W.E.) Mackay-Smith Papers, date mostly from the 1980's, although there is some material from as early as 1967 and from as late as 1997. The series provides a more in-depth look at some of the BTCA's concerns and politics during the 1980's, a particularly active and turbulent time for the Club. The membership was divided and there were many conflicts. Elections were hotly contested. The editor of Barks was fired, in a controversial move by the Board of Directors. The Welfare Foundation was initiated. Bull Terriers were in the news because of the Spuds Mackenzie beer commercials and media-fed public panic about Pit Bulls, with whom Bull Terriers were often confused. New research into canine genetic defects had the potential to influence Bull Terrier breeding programs. In addition to her copies of the minutes, the series consists of correspondence to Mackay-Smith, drafts of articles by Mackay-Smith, articles by others clipped by Mackay-Smith (with a particular focus on genetic issues), correspondence on zinc metabolism syndrome (zinc deficiency) and other genetic issues, materials regarding BTCA elections and the Welfare Foundation, and materials related to Mackay-Smith's work for the BTCA on luxating patellas, the Bull Terrier video, the Illustrated Standard, and Silverwood.

The publications series (series II) is small, but may have further accretions. It currently consists of four issues of The Record (including vol. 1, no. 1), one issue of Barks, two show catalogs, and one book.

The Bull Terrier Club of America Collection at the AKC Archives, 2006.
Inventory

Series I - Meeting Minutes

Series I consists of photocopies (or, beginning in 2003, computer printouts) of minutes from Board of Directors meetings, Delegates meetings, Membership meetings, and Special Meetings of the BTCA from 1947-2006, with more scheduled to arrive. Folders do not always include every meeting or all types of meetings. There are gaps from 1949-1951 and 1954-55.

Box 1 FF 1 1947
  FF 2 1948
  FF 3 1952
  FF 4 1953
  FF 5 1956
  FF 6 1957
  FF 7 1958
  FF 8 1959
  FF 9 1960
  FF 10 1961
  FF 11 1962
  FF 12 1963
  FF 13 1964
  FF 14 1965
  FF 15 1966
  FF 16 1967
  FF 17 1968
  FF 18 1969
  FF 19 1970
  FF 20 1971
  FF 21 1972
  FF 22 1973
  FF 23 1974
Box 2 FF 1 1975
  FF 2 1976
  FF 3 1977
  FF 4 1978
  FF 5 February-May 1979
  FF 6 May-November 1979
  FF 7 1980
  FF 8 1981
  FF 9 1982
  FF 10 1983
  FF 11 1984
  FF 12 1985
  FF 13 1986
  FF 14 1987
Box 3 FF 1 1988
  FF 2 1989
  FF 3 1990
  FF 4 1991
  FF 5 1992
  FF 6 1993
  FF 7 1994
  FF 8 1995
  FF 9 1996
  FF 10 1997
  FF 11 1998
Box 4 FF 1 March-18 June 1999
  FF 2 19 June-December 1999
  FF 3 2000
  FF 4 2001
  FF 5 2002
  FF 6 2003
  FF 7 2004
  FF 8 2005
  FF 9 2006

Series II - Publications

Series II consists of publications by the Bull Terrier Club of America. It is further divided into four subseries: Subseries IIa contains books. IIb contains the annual The Record. IIc contains show catalogs. IId contains the tri-annual Barks.

IIa - Books
Box 5 FF 1 Bull Terriers of Today (1951)

IIb - Record
Box 5 FF 2 Vol. 1, No. 1, 1972
  FF 3 1996
  FF 4 1998
  FF 5 2001

IIc - Show Catalogs
Box 5 FF 6 Specialty Catalog 1997
  FF 7 Specialty and Obedience Catalog 1998
IId - Barks
Box 5 FF 8 2002

Series III - The Winkie (W.E.) Mackay-Smith Papers

Series III consists of the papers of Winkie (W.E.) Mackay-Smith. Folders are in MacKay-Smith's original order - arranged alphabetically by Mackay-Smith's subject titles, and chronologically within the folders. The materials date mostly from the 1980's, although there is some material from as early as 1967 and as late as 1997.

Box 6 FF 1 Articles and Clippings 1979-1993
Box 6 FF 2 Articles and Clippings undated
FF 3 Articles and Clippings undated
FF 4 BTCA Elections 1983-1986 and undated
FF 5 BTCA Member Problems 1982-1986
FF 6 BTCA Minutes 1982-1985
FF 7 BTCA Minutes 1986-1989
FF 8 BTCA Next Meeting May 1987-Jan 1988 and undated
FF 9 BTCA Other 1968-1986 and undated
FF 10 BTCA Publications 1982-1984
FF 11 BTCA Publications 1985-1986 and undated
Box 7 FF 1 BTCA Regional Directory 1986
FF 2 Bull Terrier Video 1986-1987
FF 3 Genetics [articles and reports] 1967-1987 and undated
FF 4 Genetics [correspondence]
[includes photographs]
1981-1991
FF 5 Health Committee 1996-1997
FF 6 Illustrated Standard Invoices 1991
FF 7 Luxating Patella 1983-1985
FF 8 Luxating Patella 1986-1989 and undated
FF 9 Silverwood 1979-1989 and undated
FF 10 Silverwood Chapter
[written for Centennial History]
1996
FF 11 Welfare Foundation 1988-1990 and undated
FF 12 Welfare Manual 1982 and undated